Table 1: The strains of hydrocarbon-degrading halophilic Archaea.

StrainsHydrocarbons degradedCitation

Haloarcula st. EH4Tetradecane, hexadecane, eicosane, heneicosane, pristane, acenaphthene, phenanthrene, anthracene, and 9-methyl anthracene[14]

Haloferax sp. D1227Benzoate, p-hydroxybenzoate, cinnamate, and phenylpropionate[20, 21]

Haloferax mediterranei st. M-11Oil[22]

Haloarcula st. D14-Hydroxybenzoic acid[23]

Haloferax st. MSNC 4 and MSNC 16
Haloarcula sp. st. MSNC 2
Heptadecane[18]

Haloferax st. MSNC 14Heptadecane, phenanthrene, and pristane[18, 31]

Haloferax sp. HA-1Crude oil, C8-C34 n-alkanes, benzene, toluene, phenanthrene, biphenyl, and/or naphthalene[16]
Haloferax sp. HA-2
Halobacterium sp. st. HA-3
Halococcus sp. st. HA-4

Haloferax alexandrinus st. B03, B06, AA31, and AA35Naphthalene, anthracene, phenanthrene, pyrene, and/or benz[a]anthracene[32]
Haloferax sp. SC1-9 st. B07, MM17, AA41, and PR13
Haloferax sp. HSC4 st. MM27
Haloferax sulfurifontix st. CL47

Haloferax volcanii st. DS2Anthracene[32]

Haloterrigena mahii sp. H13Putatively: 1,2-dichloroethane, naphthalene/anthracene, γ-hexachlorocyclohexane, 1-/2-methylnapthalene, and benzoate[35]

Halobacteriaceae st. L1Benzoic and p-hydroxybenzoic acid[36]

Natrialba sp. st. C21Phenol, naphthalene, and pyrene[37]

Haloferax sp. C-24 and C-27, Halobacterium piscisalsi st. C-37, Halobacterium salinarum st. C-51, Halorubrum ezzemoulense st. C-41 and C-46, Halorubrum sp. st. C-43, and Halobacteriaceae st. C-50 and C-52Naphthalene, phenanthrene, pyrene, and/or p-hydroxybenzoate[39]

Haloferax lucentense st. A01Crude oil, Tween 80, n-octadecane, and phenanthrene[49, 50]
Halobacterium salinarum st. A02
Halobacterium piscisalsi st. A03
Haloferax mucosum st. A04
Halobacterium sulfurifontis st. A05

Haloferax elongans st. M4Crude oil, n-hexadecane, and phenanthrene as part of a biofilm[52]
Halobacterium salinarum st. M5

Halobacterium noricense st. SA1Oil, alkanes (C9-C40), benzene, biphenyl, anthracene, naphthalene, and/or phenanthrene[54]
Haloferax larsenii st. SA2, WA3
Haloferax elongans st. SA3, WA1
Halobacterium sp. st. SA4
Halobacterium noricense st. WA2
Halobacterium salinarum st. WA4

Haloferax elongans st. SA3Crude oil[55]
Halobacterium salinarum st. YS06_13_22