Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Anatomy Research International
Volume 2012, Article ID 782571, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/782571
Research Article

Imaging an Adapted Dentoalveolar Complex

1Division of Orthodontics, Department of Orofacial Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
2Division of Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Department of Preventive and Restorative Dental Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA

Received 7 June 2011; Accepted 19 August 2011

Academic Editor: Nadir Gülekon

Copyright © 2012 Ralf-Peter Herber et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Wolff, “The classic: on the inner architecture of bones and its importance for bone growth,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol. 468, no. 4, pp. 1056–1065, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. B. L. Foster, T. E. Popowics, H. K. Fong, and M. J. Somerman, “Advances in defining regulators of cementum development and periodontal regeneration,” Current Topics in Developmental Biology, vol. 78, pp. 47–126, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. P. Ho, M. P. Kurylo, T. K. Fong et al., “The biomechanical characteristics of the bone-periodontal ligament-cementum complex,” Biomaterials, vol. 31, no. 25, pp. 6635–6646, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Mavropoulos, S. Kiliaridis, A. Bresin, and P. Ammann, “Effect of different masticatory functional and mechanical demands on the structural adaptation of the mandibular alveolar bone in young growing rats,” Bone, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 191–197, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. H. Sicher and J. P. Weinmann, “Bone growth and physiologic tooth movement,” American Journal of Orthodontics and Oral Surgery, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. C109–C132, 1944. View at Google Scholar
  6. A. G. Kraw and D. H. Enlow, “Continuous attachment of periodontal membrane,” American Journal of Anatomy, vol. 120, no. 1, pp. 133–148, 1967. View at Google Scholar
  7. D. Roux, C. Chambas, B. Normand, and A. Woda, “Analysis of tooth movement into an extraction space in the rat,” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 17–22, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. L. Saffar, J. J. Lasfargues, and M. Cherruau, “Alveolar bone and the alveolar process: the socket that is never stable,” Periodontology 2000, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 76–90, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. L. Dumitrescu, S. A. El-Aleem, B. Morales-Aza, and L. F. Donaldson, “A model of periodontitis in the rat: effect of lipopolysaccharide on bone resorption, osteoclast activity, and local peptidergic innervation,” Journal of Clinical Periodontology, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 596–603, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Y. Ren, J. C. Maltha, and A. M. Kuijpers-Jagtman, “The rat as a model for orthodontic tooth movement—a critical review and a proposed solution,” European Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 483–490, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. J. Burghardt, T. M. Link, and S. Majumdar, “High-resolution computed tomography for clinical imaging of bone microarchitecture,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol. 469, no. 8, pp. 2179–2193, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. G. Plotino, N. M. Grande, R. Pecci, R. Bedini, C. H. Pameijer, and F. Somma, “Three-dimensional imaging using microcomputed tomography for studying tooth macromorphology,” Journal of the American Dental Association, vol. 137, no. 11, pp. 1555–1561, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. A. Harris, A. S. Jones, and M. A. Darendeliler, “Physical properties of root cementum: part 8. Volumetric analysis of root resorption craters after application of controlled intrusive light and heavy orthodontic forces: a microcomputed tomography scan study (vol 130, p. 639, 2006),” American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, vol. 132, no. 3, p. 277, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  14. S. Ren, H. Takano, and K. Abe, “Two types of bone resorption lacunae in the mouse parietal bones as revealed by scanning electron microscopy and histochemistry,” Archives of Histology and Cytology, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 103–113, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. Gonzales, H. Hotokezaka, M. A. Darendeliler, and N. Yoshida, “Repair of root resorption 2 to 16 weeks after the application of continuous forces on maxillary first molars in rats: a 2- and 3-dimensional quantitative evaluation,” American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, vol. 137, no. 4, pp. 477–485, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. M. A. Rubin, I. Jasiuk, J. Taylor, J. Rubin, T. Ganey, and R. P. Apkarian, “TEM analysis of the nanostructure of normal and osteoporotic human trabecular bone,” Bone, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 270–282, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. P. Ho, B. Yu, W. Yun, G. W. Marshall, M. I. Ryder, and S. J. Marshall, “Structure, chemical composition and mechanical properties of human and rat cementum and its interface with root dentin,” Acta Biomaterialia, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 707–718, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. Hassenkam, H. L. Jørgensen, and J. B. Lauritzen, “Mapping the imprint of bone remodeling by atomic force microscopy,” Anatomical Record A, vol. 288, no. 10, pp. 1087–1094, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. E. P. Paschalis, F. Betts, E. DiCarlo, R. Mendelsohn, and A. L. Boskey, “FTIR microspectroscopic analysis of normal human cortical and trabecular bone,” Calcified Tissue International, vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 480–486, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. G. Penel, G. Leroy, C. Rey, and E. Bres, “MicroRaman spectral study of the PO4 and CO3 vibrational modes in synthetic and biological apatites,” Calcified Tissue International, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 475–481, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. G. Anneroth, K. H. Danielsson, H. Evers, K. G. Hedström, and A. Nordenram, “Periodontal ligament injection. An experimental study in the monkey,” International Journal of Oral Surgery, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 538–543, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. Y. Sasano, Y. Maruya, H. Sato et al., “Distinctive expression of extracellular matrix molecules at mRNA and protein levels during formation of cellular and acellular cementum in the rat,” Histochemical Journal, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 91–99, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. N. Z. Angel, N. Walsh, M. R. Forwood, M. C. Ostrowski, A. I. Cassady, and D. A. Hume, “Transgenic mice overexpressing tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase exhibit an increased rate of bone turnover,” Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 103–110, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. R. Hayman, P. Macary, P. J. Lehner, and T. M. Cox, “Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (Acp 5): identification in diverse human tissues and dendritic cells,” Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 675–683, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. T. Kim, A. Handa, J. Iida, and S. Yoshida, “RANKL expression in rat periodontal ligament subjected to a continuous orthodontic force,” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 244–250, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. Q. Yan, Y. Zhang, W. Li, and P. K. DenBesten, “Micromolar fluoride alters ameloblast lineage cells in vitro,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 86, no. 4, pp. 336–340, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. A. Jäger, D. Kunert, T. Friesen, D. Zhang, S. Lossdörfer, and W. Götz, “Cellular and extracellular factors in early root resorption repair in the rat,” European Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 336–345, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. Nanci, “Content and distribution of noncollagenous matrix proteins in bone and cementum: relationship to speed of formation and collagen packing density,” Journal of Structural Biology, vol. 126, no. 3, pp. 256–269, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. X. Luan, Y. Ito, S. Holliday et al., “Extracellular matrix-mediated tissue remodeling following axial movement of teeth,” Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 127–140, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. M. van Gaalen, M. C. Kruyt, R. E. Geuze, J. D. de Bruijn, J. Alblas, and W. J. Dhert, “Use of fluorochrome labels in in vivo bone tissue engineering research,” Tissue Engineering B, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 209–217, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. F. L. Carson, Histotechnology—A Selfinstructional Text, American Society Clinical Pathology, 1990.
  32. A. Erlebacher and R. Derynck, “Increased expression of TGF-β2 in osteoblasts results in an osteoporosis-like phenotype,” Journal of Cell Biology, vol. 132, no. 1-2, pp. 195–210, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. A. Mavropoulos, A. Bresin, and S. Kiliaridis, “Morphometric analysis of the mandible in growing rats with different masticatory functional demands: adaptation to an upper posterior bite block,” European Journal of Oral Sciences, vol. 112, no. 3, pp. 259–266, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. M. H. Wolpoff, “Interstitial wear,” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 205–227, 1971. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. J. P. Weinmann, “Bone changes related to eruption of the teeth,” Angle Orthodontist, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 83–99, 1941. View at Google Scholar
  36. W. R. Proffit, H. W. Fields, and D. M. Sarver, Contemporary Orthodontics, Mosby Elsevier, St. Louis, Mo, USA, 4th edition, 2007.
  37. Y. Hu, B. Ek-Rylander, E. Karlström, M. Wendel, and G. Andersson, “Osteoclast size heterogeneity in rat long bones is associated with differences in adhesive ligand specificity,” Experimental Cell Research, vol. 314, no. 3, pp. 638–650, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. C. Gonzales, H. Hotokezaka, M. Yoshimatsu, J. H. Yozgatian, M. A. Darendeliler, and N. Yoshida, “Force magnitude and duration effects on amount of tooth movement and root resorption in the rat molar,” Angle Orthodontist, vol. 78, no. 3, pp. 502–509, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. K. Vermylen, G. N. T. de Quincey, M. A. van 'T Hof, G. N. Wolffe, and H. H. Renggli, “Classification, reproducibility and prevalence of root proximity in periodontal patients,” Journal of Clinical Periodontology, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 254–259, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. A. B. Hardt, “Bisphosphonate effects on alveolar bone during rat molar drifting,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 67, no. 11, pp. 1430–1433, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. A. G. Robling, A. B. Castillo, and C. H. Turner, “Biomechanical and molecular regulation of bone remodeling,” Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering, vol. 8, pp. 455–498, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. H. M. Frost, “Tetracycline-based histological analysis of bone remodeling,” Calcified Tissue Research, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 211–237, 1969. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. G. J. King, S. D. Keeling, E. A. McCoy, and T. H. Ward, “Measuring dental drift and orthodontic tooth movement in response to various initial forces in adult rats,” American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, vol. 99, no. 5, pp. 456–465, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  44. J. J. Lasfargues and J. L. Saffar, “Effects of prostaglandin inhibition on the bone activities associated with the spontaneous drift of molar teeth in the rat,” Anatomical Record, vol. 234, no. 3, pp. 310–316, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. B. D. Metscher, “MicroCT for developmental biology: a versatile tool for high-contrast 3D imaging at histological resolutions,” Developmental Dynamics, vol. 238, no. 3, pp. 632–640, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. B. Ek-Rylander, P. Bill, M. Norgard, S. Nilsson, and G. Andersson, “Cloning, sequence, and developmental expression of a type 5, tartrate-resistant, acid phosphatase of rat bone,” Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 266, no. 36, pp. 24684–24689, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. B. Kirstein, T. J. Chambers, and K. Fuller, “Secretion of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase by osteoclasts correlates with resorptive behavior,” Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, vol. 98, no. 5, pp. 1085–1094, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. T. Sasaki, “Differentiation and functions of osteoclasts and odontoclasts in mineralized tissue resorption,” Microscopy Research and Technique, vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 483–495, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. G. Franzoso, L. Carlson, L. Xing et al., “Requirement for NF-κB in osteoclast and B-cell development,” Genes and Development, vol. 11, no. 24, pp. 3482–3496, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. C. M. Giachelli and S. Steitz, “Osteopontin: a versatile regulator of inflammation and biomineralization,” Matrix Biology, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 615–622, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus