Anatomy Research International / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Review Article

Root Anatomy and Root Canal Configuration of Human Permanent Mandibular Premolars: A Systematic Review

Table 3

Summary of exvivo studies reporting a deep mesial radicular invagination in mandibular premolars.

Population Incidence Tooth typeReferences

India14%1st premolarVelmurugan and Sandhya [18], 2009
14%1st premolarSandhya et al. [16], 2010
15.21%1st premolarJain and Bahuguna [20], 2011

China27.8%1st premolarLiu et al. [24], 2013

Jordan17.6%1st premolar Awawdeh and Al-Qudah [33], 2008
13.5%2nd premolar

Austria15%1st premolarRobinson et al. [42], 2002

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.