Table of Contents
Letter to the Editor
Anatomy Research International
Volume 2013, Article ID 596027, 8 pages
Review Article

The Maze of the Cerebrospinal Fluid Discovery

Neurosurgery and Neurotraumatology Department, District Hospital, Arkońska 4, 71-455 Szczecin, Poland

Received 13 August 2013; Revised 13 November 2013; Accepted 18 November 2013

Academic Editor: Feng C. Zhou

Copyright © 2013 Leszek Herbowski. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The author analyzes a historical, long, and tortuous way to discover the cerebrospinal fluid. At least 35 physicians and anatomists described in the text have laid the fundamentals of recognition of this biological fluid’s presence. On the basis of crucial anatomical, experimental, and clinical works there are four greatest physicians who should be considered as equal cerebrospinal fluid’s discoverers: Egyptian Imhotep, Venetian Nicolo Massa, Italian Domenico Felice Cotugno, and French François Magendie.