Anatomy Research International / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Scanning Electron Microscopic Studies of the Pecten Oculi in the Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica)

Table 1

Research studies of pecten oculi in various avian species.

Species Method Number of pleatsOrder Family Visual activityReferences

Common loon (Gavia immer)LM, TEM 14-15Gaviiformes Gaviidae Diurnal [15]
Pigeon (Columba livia)LM, TEM 15–17Columbiformes Columbidae Diurnal [16]
LM, SEM 15–18 [17]
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)LM, TEM 12–14Anseriformes Anatidae Diurnal [11]
Black kite (Milvus migrans)SEM12FalconiformesAccipitridaeDiurnal [14]
Red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)LM, TEM 17-18AccipitriformesAccipitridaeDiurnal [18]
American crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) LM, TEM 22–25Passeriformes Corvidae Diurnal [19]
Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)LM, TEM 4-5CaprimulgiformesCaprimulgidaeNocturnal [13]
Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae)LM, TEM 3-4Struthioniformes Dromaiidae Diurnal [20]
Australian galah (Eolophus roseicapillus)LM, TEM 20–25PsittaciformesPsittacidaeDiurnal [21]
Great horned owl (Bubo virginianus)LM, TEM 7-8Strigiformes StrigidaeNocturnal [22]
Chicken (Gallus domesticus)SEM, TEM18–20GalliformesPhasianidaeDiurnal [23]
LM, SEM18–22 [6]
LM, TEM16–18 [24]
Great blue heron (Ardea herodias)LM, TEM14-15PelecaniformesArdeidae Diurnal [25]
Barred owl (Strix varia)TEM8–10Strigiformes Strigidae Nocturnal [26]
Common buzzard (Buteo buteo) LM, SEM 17FalconiformesAccipitridaeDiurnal [27]
Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus)LM, SEM, TEM10–12Psittaciformes PsittacidaeDiurnal [12]
Jungle Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos)LM, TEM24-25Passeriformes Corvidae Diurnal[28]
Spotted eagle owl (Bubo bubo africanus)LM, TEM5-6Strigiformes Strigidae Nocturnal [24]
White stork (Ciconia ciconia)LM, SEM 15–17Ciconiiformes Ciconiidae Diurnal [29]
Eurasian sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus)LM11-12FalconiformesAccipitridaeDiurnal [30]
Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) LM19GalliformesPhasianidaeDiurnal [5]
SEM, TEM18[4]

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