Figure 2: Cardiovascular disease in rheumatoid arthritis in Latin America and the Caribbean; LA: Latin America; CA: Central America; SA: South America; C: Caribbean. aGeneral cause of death was evaluated. CVD was the highest. bSubclinical coronary artery disease. cHypertension and stroke. dNot CVD subphenotype measured. Prevalence regarding presence of atherosclerosis plaque. eHypertension fReferences [48, 49] report data from the same cohort of patients. Hence, the prevalence of CVD and risk factors is identical. gHypertension and atherosclerosis plaque. hHypertension and coronary artery disease. iHypertension and thrombosis. jVentricular diastolic dysfunction. kHypertension, stroke, and stable angina. lHypertension, stroke, coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease. mHypertension, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease, and congestive heart failure.