Arthritis

Arthritis / 2015 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

Whole-Foods, Plant-Based Diet Alleviates the Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

Table 1

Baseline assessments.

DescriptionControlIntervention value
( = 18)( = 19)

Demographic
 Sex: female: # (%)16 (88.9)15 (78.9)0.66
 Age: mean (Std. dev.)60.0 (6.3)56.1 (8.4)0.12
 Race: white: # (%)18 (100.0)16 (88.9)0.49
 Smoker: yes: # (%)1 (5.6)0 (0.0)1.00
Health conditions: # (%)
 Hypertension: yes5 (27.8)6 (33.3)1.00
 Depression: yes8 (44.4)5 (27.8)0.49
Clinical exam findings: mean (Std. dev.)
 BMI28.4 (4.5)29.1 (6.5)0.72
 Body temperature98.4 (0.9)98.2 (0.7)0.68
 Pulse75.7 (6.8)72.6 (9.4)0.27
 Blood pressure: systolic127.6 (17.6)123.8 (16.6)0.51
 Blood pressure: diastolic76.1 (7.6)74.1 (10.2)0.49
Survey responses
 Meat and dairy per week: # (%)
  5–8/week5 (27.1)0 (0.0)0.049
  9–12/week2 (11.1)4 (22.2)
  >12/week11 (61.1)14 (77.8)
 SF-36v2 scores: mean (Std. dev.)
  PF: physical functioning44.2 (10.5)39.7 (10.6)0.21
  P: role physical45.8 (9.9)40.8 (10.4)0.15
  BP: bodily pain40.1 (8.9)39.2 (7.0)0.72
  GH: general health49.5 (10.3)44.4 (10.4)0.15
  VT: energy/vitality47.6 (9.9)40.8 (7.9)0.03
  SF: social functioning 43.3 (10.6)41.7 (8.6)0.62
  RE: role emotional 44.7 (10.9)43.9 (9.5)0.81
  MH: mental health44.2 (11.4)42.4 (11.5)0.64
  PCS: Physical Component Summary Scale45.0 (8.5)40.2 (10.5)0.13
  MCS: Mental Component Summary Scale45.4 (11.2)43.9 (10.8)0.69

Fisher’s exact test (two-tailed).
Student’s -test (two-tailed).
Chi-square test of significance.

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