Table 1: Demographic and disability characteristics of students on the autism spectrum across postsecondary education outcomes. Percentage (95% confidence interval), test for difference versus the 2-year college column.

2-year college4-year collegeVocational/technical schoolNo postsecondary education

Male84.5 
(76.7, 92.4)
88.1 
(75.8, 100)
84.2 
(68.5, 99.9)
85.8 
(81.8, 89.7)
Hispanic ethnicity2.4 
(0, 5.2)
4.2 
(3.4, 5.0)
5.2 
(0, 11.1)
12.1  
(4.3, 19.9)
Race
 White85.3 
(79.6, 90.9)
73.9 
(63.0, 84.8)
69.3
(57.0, 81.5)
54.8
(45.9, 63.7)
 Black8.3 
(4.3, 12.2)
21.9
(11.4, 32.4)
15.8 
(4.8, 26.8)
25.9
(22.7, 29.2)
 Other race6.4 
(2.0, 10.9)
4.2 
(3.0, 4.5)
14.9 
(4.9, 24.9)
19.3
(10.3, 28.2)
Either parent attended any postsecondary education92.7
(87.2, 98.3)
100
(100, 100)
78.5
(58.6, 98.3)
66.5
(60.0, 73.0)
Parent or guardian household income
 Up to $25,00012.1
(4.4, 19.7)
8.8
(2.3, 15.2)
11.0
(5.2, 16.8)
24.8
(19.1, 30.5)
 $25,001–$50,00019.4 
(10.1, 28.7)
15.3 
(2.6, 27.9)
32.1 
(14.1, 49.7)
27.9 
(22.3, 33.5)
 $50,001–$75,00047.1 
(37.5, 56.8)
28.9 
(15.2, 42.7)
28.5 
(7.6, 49.3)
35.1 
(28.9, 41.4)
 More than $75,00021.4 
(14.8, 28.1)
47.0
(28.4, 65.6)
28.5 
(11.2, 45.8)
12.1
(7.9, 16.3)
Characteristics of youth during high school
 How well youth converses
  Has a lot of trouble or not able to converse at all38.5 
(25.7, 51.4)
10.9 
(7.3, 14.4)
39.3 
(18.1, 60.5)
63.5
(54.7, 72.2)
  Little trouble52.1 
(39.5, 64.7)
61.5 
(48.7, 74.3)
35.4 
(17.6, 53.1)
30.4
(22.4, 38.3)
  No trouble9.4  
(4.6, 14.1)
27.7
(13.9, 41.4)
25.4
(4.8, 45.9)
6.2 
(2.8, 9.5)
 Counts change pretty or very well64.6 
(43.4, 85.7)
97.1
(90.4, 100)
64.2 
(49.0, 79.4)
36.8
(30.0, 43.7)
 Gets to places outside the home pretty or very well 85.7 
(78.6, 92.8)
82.8 
(74.2, 91.5)
61.5
(47.3, 75.8)
43.9
(35.0, 52.9)
 Parent expected youth to probably or definitely attend
 postsecondary school
60.9 
(48.0, 73.7)
84.8 
(80.6, 89.1)
53.5 
(30.7, 76.2)
16.5
(10.6, 22.4)
 Any extracurricular activities 93.8 
(89.8, 97.7)
90.3 
(85.3, 95.3)
74.4
(58.6, 90.1)
58.5
(52.0, 65.0)
 Participated in IEP or transition planning during high school (student provided some input or took leadership)65.5 
(55.6, 75.4)
82.7 
(74.5, 90.9)
50.5 
(31.0, 70.1)
33.4
(27.6, 39.2)

Note: source: National Longitudinal Transition Study-2, Waves 1 and 5. Weighted to population levels. Variances adjusted for sampling method. Logistic regression analysis used 2-year college as the referent group; , , and .