Table of Contents
Advances in Vascular Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 432820, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/432820
Review Article

IVC Filters: Challenges and Future Directions

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA

Received 8 May 2014; Accepted 14 September 2014; Published 23 November 2014

Academic Editor: Arnon Blum

Copyright © 2014 Misaki M. Kiguchi and Ellen D. Dillavou. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. B. Deitelzweig, B. H. Johnson, J. Lin, and K. L. Schulman, “Prevalence of clinical venous thromboembolism in the USA: current trends and future projections,” The American Journal of Hematology, vol. 86, no. 2, pp. 217–220, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. G. H. Guyatt, E. A. Akl, M. Crowther, H. J. Schünemann, D. D. Gutterman, and S. Z. Lewis, “Introduction to the ninth edition: antithrombotic therapy and prevention of thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians evidence-based clinical practice guidelines,” Chest, vol. 141, no. 2, pp. 48S–52S, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C. Kearon, E. A. Akl, A. J. Comerota et al., “Antithrombotic therapy for VTE disease: antithrombotic therapy and prevention of thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines,” Chest, vol. 141, supplement 2, pp. e419S–e494S, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. A. S. Baadh, J. F. Zikria, S. Rivoli, R. E. Graham, D. Javit, and J. E. Ansell, “Indications for inferior vena cava filter placement: do physicians comply with guidelines?” Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 989–995, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. Hirsh, G. Guyatt, G. W. Albers, R. Harrington, and H. J. Schünemann, “Executive summary: American College of Chest Physicians evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (8th edition),” Chest, vol. 133, no. 6, supplement 1, pp. 71S–109S, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. A. Kaufman, T. B. Kinney, M. B. Streiff et al., “Guidelines for the use of retrievable and convertible vena cava filters: report from the Society of Interventional Radiology multidisciplinary consensus conference,” Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 449–459, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. Blebea, R. Wilson, P. Waybill et al., “Deep venous thrombosis after percutaneous insertion of vena caval filters,” Journal of Vascular Surgery, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 821–829, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. B. P. Yan, T. J. Kiernan, V. Gupta, A. E. Ajani, and R. M. Schainfeld, “Combined pharmacomechanical thrombectomy for acute inferior vena cava filter thrombosis,” Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 36–40, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Kiguchi, K.-A. McDonald, S. Govindarajan, M. S. Makaroun, and R. A. Chaer, “Pharmacomechanical thrombolysis for renal salvage after filter migration and renal vein thrombosis,” Journal of Vascular Surgery, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 1391–1393, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. S. Johnson, “Vena cava filter fracture: unplanned obsolescence,” Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 196–198, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. W. Nicholson, W. J. Nicholson, P. Tolerico et al., “Prevalence of fracture and fragment embolization of Bard retrievable vena cava filters and clinical implications including cardiac perforation and tamponade,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 170, no. 20, pp. 1827–1831, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. B. Haddadian, F. Shaikh, M. Djelmami-Hani, and Y. Shalev, “Sudden cardiac death caused by migration of a TrapEase inferior vena cava filter: case report and review of the literature,” Clinical Cardiology, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 84–87, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. O. F. Roehm Jr., “Bird's nest filter migration to the right atrium,” The American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 185, no. 2, pp. 555–556, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. Urena and L. Greenwood, “Bird's nest filter migration to the right atrium,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 183, no. 4, pp. 1037–1039, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. Rasuli, R. Mehran, G. French, M. Turek, K. A. Lalonde, and P. Cardinal, “Percutaneous retrieval of a vena cava filter from the right atrium: case report,” Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 30–35, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. O. Bogue, P. R. John, B. L. Connolly, D. J. Rea, and J. G. Amaral, “Symptomatic caval penetration by a Celect inferior vena cava filter,” Pediatric Radiology, vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 1110–1113, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. F. Angel, V. Tapson, R. E. Galgon, M. I. Restrepo, and J. Kaufman, “Systematic review of the use of retrievable inferior vena cava filters,” Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 1522.e3–1530.e3, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C. A. Athanasoulis, J. A. Kaufman, E. F. Halpern, A. C. Waltman, S. C. Geller, and C.-M. Fan, “Inferior vena caval filters: review of a 26-year single-center clinical experience,” Radiology, vol. 216, no. 1, pp. 54–66, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. C. S. Joels, R. F. Sing, and B. T. Heniford, “Complications of inferior vena cava filters,” The American Surgeon, vol. 69, no. 8, pp. 654–659, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. E. Ray Jr. and J. A. Kaufman, “Complications of inferior vena cava filters,” Abdominal Imaging, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 368–374, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. R. J. Feezor, T. S. Huber, M. B. Welborn III, and S. R. Schell, “Duodenal perforation with an inferior vena cava filter: an unusual cause of abdominal pain,” Journal of Vascular Surgery, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 1010–1012, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. C. Proctor, L. J. Greenfield, K. J. Cho, M. M. Moursi, and E. A. James, “Assessment of apparent vena caval penetration by the Greenfield filter,” Journal of Endovascular Surgery, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 251–258, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. M. B. Streiff, “Vena caval filters: a comprehensive review,” Blood, vol. 95, no. 12, pp. 3669–3677, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. E. A. Genovese, G. Jeyabalan, L. K. Marone, E. D. Avgerinos, M. S. Makaroun, and R. A. Chaer, “Management of symptomatic gastrointestinal complications associated with retrievable inferior vena cava filters,” in Proceedings of the 42nd the Annual Meeting of the Society for Clinical Vascular Surgery (SCVS '13), Miami, Fla, USA, March 2013.
  25. E. K. Shang, D. P. Nathan, J. P. Carpenter, R. M. Fairman, and B. M. Jackson, “Delayed complications of inferior vena cava filters: case report and literature review,” Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 290–294, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Siepe, S. Koeppe, W. Euringer, and C. Schlensak, “Aorto-caval fistula from acute rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm treated with a hybrid approach,” Journal of Vascular Surgery, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 1574–1576, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. P. Sparrow, “Double whammy: inferior vena cava filter-related perforation and thrombosis of the inferior vena cava and aorta,” Circulation, vol. 123, no. 7, pp. e245–e246, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. Veroux, T. Tallarita, M. Pennisi, and P. Veroux, “Late complication from a retrievable inferior vena cava filter with associated caval, aortic, and duodenal perforation: a case report,” Journal of Vascular Surgery, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 223–225, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. E. D. Avgerinos, J. Bath, J. Stevens et al., “Technical and patient-related characteristics associated with challenging retrieval of inferior vena cava filters,” European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 353–359, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. F. Mission, R. K. Kerlan Jr., J. H. Tan, and M. C. Fang, “Rates and predictors of plans for inferior vena cava filter retrieval in hospitalized patients,” Journal of General Internal Medicine, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 321–325, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. H. Ko, B. R. Reynolds, D. H. Nicholas et al., “Institutional protocol improves retrievable inferior vena cava filter recovery rate,” Surgery, vol. 146, no. 4, pp. 809–816, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. D. Imberti, M. Bianchi, A. Farina, S. Siragusa, M. Silingardi, and W. Ageno, “Clinical experience with retrievable vena cava filters: results of a prospective observational multicenter study,” Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 1370–1375, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. H. S. Kim, M. J. Young, A. K. Narayan, K. Hong, R. P. Liddell, and M. B. Streiff, “A comparison of clinical outcomes with retrievable and permanent inferior vena cava filters,” Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 393–399, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. C. E. Ray Jr., E. Mitchell, S. Zipser, E. Y. Kao, C. F. Brown, and G. L. Moneta, “Outcomes with retrievable inferior vena cava filters: a multicenter study,” Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1595–1604, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. R. Karmy-Jones, G. J. Jurkovich, G. C. Velmahos et al., “Practice patterns and outcomes of retrievable vena cava filters in trauma patients: an AAST multicenter study,” The Journal of Trauma, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 17–24, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. O. Dabbagh, N. Nagam, R. Chitima-Matsiga, S. Bearelly, and D. Bearelly, “Retrievable inferior vena cava filters are not getting retrieved: where is the gap?” Thrombosis Research, vol. 126, no. 6, pp. 493–497, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. J. Minocha, I. Idakoji, A. Riaz et al., “Improving inferior vena cava filter retrieval rates: impact of a dedicated inferior vena cava filter clinic,” Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 1847–1851, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. J. S. Marquess, C. T. Burke, A. H. Beecham et al., “Factors associated with failed retrieval of the Gunther Tulip inferior vena cava filter,” Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 1321–1327, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. J. L. Hermsen, A. R. Ibele, L. D. Faucher, J. K. Nale, M. J. Schurr, and K. A. Kudsk, “Retrievable inferior vena cava filters in high-risk trauma and surgical patients: factors influencing successful removal,” World Journal of Surgery, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 1444–1449, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. F. C. Lynch, “Balloon-assisted removal of tilted inferior vena cava filters with embedded tips,” Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 1210–1214, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. S. W. Stavropoulos, R. G. Dixon, C. T. Burke et al., “Embedded inferior vena cava filter removal: use of endobronchial forceps,” Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 1297–1301, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. L. Rubenstein, A. K. Chun, M. Chew, and C. A. Binkert, “Loop-snare technique for difficult inferior vena cava filter retrievals,” Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1315–1318, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. B. Iliescu and Z. J. Haskal, “Advanced techniques for removal of retrievable inferior venacava filters,” CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 741–750, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. T. W. F. Vink, J. A. Reekers, L. C. van Dijk, J. J. Wever, and H. van Overhagen, “Balloon-assisted retrieval of tilted optease IVC filter,” CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 975–977, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. W. T. Kuo, R. T. Tong, G. L. Hwang et al., “High-risk retrieval of adherent and chronically implanted IVC filters: techniques for removal and management of thrombotic complications,” Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1548–1556, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. W. T. Kuo and J. S. Cupp, “The excimer laser sheath technique for embedded inferior vena cava filter removal,” Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 1896–1899, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. F. B. Rogers, M. D. Cipolle, G. Velmahos, G. Rozycki, and F. A. Luchette, “Practice management guidelines for the prevention of venous thromboembolism in trauma patients: the EAST practice management guidelines work group,” Journal of Trauma—Injury, Infection and Critical Care, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 142–164, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. E. L. Spangler, E. D. Dillavou, and K. J. Smith, “Cost-effectiveness of guidelines for insertion of inferior vena cava filters in high-risk trauma patients,” Journal of Vascular Surgery, vol. 52, no. 6, pp. 1537.e2–1545.e2, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. H. Decousus, “Eight-year follow-up of patients with permanent vena cava filters in the prevention of pulmonary embolism: the PREPIC (Prévention du Risque d'Embolie Pulmonaire par Interruption Cave) randomized study,” Circulation, vol. 112, no. 3, pp. 416–422, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus