Table of Contents
Biotechnology Research International
Volume 2011, Article ID 574983, 7 pages
Research Article

A Statistical Approach for Optimization of Simultaneous Production of β-Glucosidase and Endoglucanase by Rhizopus oryzae from Solid-State Fermentation of Water Hyacinth Using Central Composite Design

Microbiology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Molecular Biology & Genetics, Presidency University, 86/1, College Street, Kolkata, 700 073, India

Received 8 March 2011; Revised 6 April 2011; Accepted 7 April 2011

Academic Editor: Triantafyllos Roukas

Copyright © 2011 Moumita Karmakar and Rina Rani Ray. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. P. Coughlan, “The properties of fungal and bacterial cellulases with comment on their production and application,” Biotechnology Genetic Engineering Review, vol. 3, pp. 39–109, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  2. M. K. Bhat, “Cellulases and related enzymes in biotechnology,” Biotechnology Advances, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 355–383, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. G. Narasimha, A. Sridevi, B. Viswanath, Ch. M. Subhosh, and B. R. Reddy, “Nutrient effects on production of cellulolytic enzymes by Aspergillus niger,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 472–476, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  4. R. K. Sukumaran, R. R. Singhania, G. M. Mathew, and A. Pandey, “Cellulase production using biomass feed stock and its application in lignocellulose saccharification for bio-ethanol production,” Renewable Energy, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 421–424, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. M. Camassola and A. J. P. Dillon, “Cellulases and xylanases production by Penicillium echinulatum grown on sugar cane bagasse in solid-state fermentation,” Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, vol. 162, pp. 1889–1900, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. A. Singh, N. Singh, and N. R. Bishnoi, “Production of cellulases by aspergillus heteromorphus from wheat straw under submerged fermentation,” International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering, vol. 1, pp. 23–26, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  7. P. B. Acharya, D. K. Acharya, and H. A. Modi, “Optimization for cellulase production by Aspergillus niger using saw dust as substrate,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 7, pp. 4147–4152, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  8. M. A. Milala, A. Shugaba, A. Gidado et al., “Studies on the use of agricultural wastes for cellulase enzyme production by Aspergillus niger,” Research Journal of Agricultural Biological Science, vol. 1, pp. 325–328, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  9. P. Deshpande, S. Nair, and S. Khedkar, “Water hyacinth as carbon source for the production of cellulase by Trichoderma reesei,” Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, vol. 158, no. 3, pp. 552–560, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. S. K. Deshpande, M. G. Bhotmange, T. Chakrabarti, and P. N. Shastri, “Production of cellulase and xylanase by Trichoderma reesei (QM 9414 mutant), Aspergillus niger and mixed culture by solid state fermentation (SSF) of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes),” Indian Journal of Chemical Technology, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 449–456, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  11. A. M. S. Ismail, M. A. Abdel-Naby, and A. F. Abdel-Fattah, “Utilization of water hyacinth cellulose for production of cellobiase-rich preparation by Aspergillus niger 1,” Microbios, vol. 83, no. 336, pp. 191–198, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  12. S. Mukhopadhyay, P. S. Mukherjee, and N. C. Chatterjee, “Optimization of enzymatic hydrolysis of water hyacinth by Trichoderma reesei vis-a-vis production of fermentable sugars,” Acta Alimentaria, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 367–377, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. M. A. Bezerra, R. E. Santelli, E. P. Oliveira, L. S. Villar, and L. A. Escaleira, “Response surface methodology (RSM) as a tool for optimization in analytical chemistry,” Talanta, vol. 76, no. 5, pp. 965–977, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. V. Deepak, K. Kalishwaralal, S. Ramkumarpandian, S. V. Babu, S. R. Senthilkumar, and G. Sangiliyandi, “Optimization of media composition for Nattokinase production by Bacillus subtilis response surface methodology,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 99, no. 17, pp. 8170–8174, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. P. Joni, S. Shyuuhei, Naoyuki, A. Okuda, and E. Y. Park, “Response of cellulase activity in pH-controlled cultures of the filamentous fungus acremonium cellulolyticus,” Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, vol. 162, no. 1, pp. 52–61, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. R. R. Singhania, R. K. Sukumaran, and A. Pandey, “Improved cellulase production by Trichoderma reesei RUT C30 under SSF through process optimization,” Applied Biochemistry Biotechnology, vol. 142, pp. 60–70, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  17. M. Karmakar and R. R. Ray, “Extra cellular endoglucanase production by Rhizopus oryzae in solid and liquid state fermentation of agro wastes,” Asian Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 2, pp. 27–36, 2010a. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. M. Karmakar and R. R. Ray, “Characterization of extra cellular thermostable endoglucanase from Rhizopus oryzae response surface methodology,” Research and Review in Biosciences, vol. 4, pp. 50–55, 2010b. View at Google Scholar
  19. P. Bernfeld, “Amylases α and β,” Methods of Enzymology, vol. 1, pp. 149–150, 1955. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. G. E. P. Box, W. G. Hunter, and J. S. Hunter, Statistics for Experimenters, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1978.
  21. P. D. Haaland, “Separating signals from the noise,” in Experimental Design in Biotechnology, pp. 61–83, Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, USA, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  22. G. E. P. Box and D. R. Cox, “An analysis of transformations,” Royal Statistical Society. Series B., vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 211–246, 1964. View at Google Scholar
  23. R. Hamsaveni, S. G. Prapulla, and S. Divakar, “Response surface methodological approach for the synthesis of isobutyl isobutyrate,” Process Biochemistry, vol. 36, no. 11, pp. 1103–1109, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. Design expert 7.1.5 users guide manual.
  25. A. M. de Castro, K. C. Nascimento Rodrigues Pedro, J. Cunha da Cruz, M. Costa Ferreira, S. Gomes Ferreira Leite, and N. Pereira, “Cellulases from Penicillium funiculosum production, properties and application to cellulose hydrolysis,” Applied Biochemistry Biotechnology, vol. 162, pp. 2111–2122, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. A. Kumar, L. K. Singh, and S. Ghosh, “Bioconversion of lignocellulosic fraction of water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) hemicellulose acid hydrolysate to ethanol by Pichia stipitis,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 100, no. 13, pp. 3293–3297, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar