Table of Contents
Biotechnology Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 103960, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/103960
Research Article

Production of Enzymes from Agroindustrial Wastes by Biosurfactant-Producing Strains of Bacillus subtilis

Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Engineering, University of Campinas, P.O. Box 6121, 13083-862 Campinas, SP, Brazil

Received 16 November 2012; Accepted 16 January 2013

Academic Editor: Triantafyllos Roukas

Copyright © 2013 Francisco Fábio Cavalcante Barros et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Bacteria in the genus Bacillus are the source of several enzymes of current industrial interest. Hydrolases, such as amylases, proteases, and lipases, are the main enzymes consumed worldwide and have applications in a wide range of products and industrial processes. Fermentation processes by Bacillus subtilis using cassava wastewater as a substrate are reported in the technical literature; however, the same combination of microorganisms and this culture medium is limited or nonexistent. In this paper, the amylase, protease, and lipase production of ten Bacillus subtilis strains previously identified as biosurfactant producers in cassava wastewater was evaluated. The LB1a and LB5a strains were selected for analysis using a synthetic medium and cassava wastewater and were identified as good enzyme producers, especially of amylases and proteases. In addition, the enzymatic activity results indicate that cassava wastewater was better than the synthetic medium for the induction of these enzymes.