Table of Contents
Biotechnology Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 828576, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/828576
Research Article

Technical and Socioeconomic Potential of Biogas from Cassava Waste in Ghana

1Department of Agricultural Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana
2The Energy Center, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana
3Department of Chemical Engineering, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana

Received 18 July 2015; Accepted 4 November 2015

Academic Editor: Mehmet Cakmakci

Copyright © 2015 Francis Kemausuor et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study analyses technical potential and ex ante socioeconomic impacts of biogas production using cassava waste from agroprocessing plants. An analysis was performed for two biodigesters in two cassava processing communities in Ghana. The results showed that the two communities generate an excess of 4,500 tonnes of cassava peels per year. Using approximately 5% of the peels generated and livestock manure as inoculum can generate approximately 75,000 m3 of gas with an estimated 60% methane content from two separate plants of capacities 500 m3 and 300 m3 in the two communities. If used internally as process fuel, the potential gas available could replace over 300 tonnes of firewood per year for cassava processing. The displacement of firewood with gas could have environmental, economic, and social benefits in creating sustainable development. With a 10 percent discount rate, an assumed 20-year biodigester will have a Net Present Value of approximately US$ 148,000, 7-year Payback Period, and an Internal Rate of Return of 18.7%. The project will create 10 full-time unskilled labour positions during the investment year and 4 positions during operation years.