Table of Contents
Biotechnology Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 828576, 10 pages
Research Article

Technical and Socioeconomic Potential of Biogas from Cassava Waste in Ghana

1Department of Agricultural Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana
2The Energy Center, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana
3Department of Chemical Engineering, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana

Received 18 July 2015; Accepted 4 November 2015

Academic Editor: Mehmet Cakmakci

Copyright © 2015 Francis Kemausuor et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Pandey, C. R. Soccol, P. Nigam, V. T. Soccol, L. P. S. Vandenberghe, and R. Mohan, “Biotechnological potential of agro-industrial residues. II: cassava bagasse,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 81–87, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. FAO, “Global crop production data,” 2014,
  3. F. Kemausuor, A. Addo, and J. O. Akowuah, “Biofuels production in Ghana: opportunities and challenges,” in Proceedings of the 4th National Conference on Agricultural Engineering, pp. 301–320, University of Cape Coast, Coast, Ghana, September 2008.
  4. Food Research Institute, Cassava Market and Value Chain Analysis: Ghana Case Study, 2013,
  5. N. Cuzin, J. L. Farinet, C. Segretain, and M. Labat, “Methanogenic fermentation of cassava peel using a pilot plug flow digester,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 259–264, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. B. Adeyemo and A. A. Adeyanju, “Improving biogas yield using media materials,” Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 207–210, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  7. A. U. Ofoefule and E. O. Uzodinma, “Biogas production from blends of cassava (Manihot utilissima) peels with some animal wastes,” International Journal of Physical Sciences, vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 398–402, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. B. A. Adelekan and A. I. Bamgboye, “Comparison of biogas productivity of cassava peels mixed in selected ratios with major livestock waste types,” African Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 571–577, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P. A. Ukpai and M. N. Nnabuchi, “Comparative study of biogas production from cow dung, cow pea and cassava peeling using 45 litres biogas digester,” Advances in Applied Science Research, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 1864–1869, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  10. V. Okudoh, C. Trois, and T. Workneh, “The potential of cassava biomass as a feedstock for sustainable biogas production in South Africa,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies (SET '13), Hong Kong, China, August 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. N. F. Oparaku, A. Ofomatah, and E. C. Cokoroigwe, “Biodigestion of cassava peels blended with pig dung for methane generation,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 12, no. 40, pp. 5956–5961, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  12. A. A. Adeyanju, “Effect of seeding of wood-ash on biogas production using pig waste and cassava peels,” Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 242–245, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  13. P. Panichnumsin, A. Nopharatana, B. Ahring, and P. Chaiprasert, “Production of methane by co-digestion of cassava pulp with various concentrations of pig manure,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 1117–1124, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Energy Commission, “Strategic National Energy Plan 2006–2020: Main Report. Energy Commission of Ghana 2006,” 2006,
  15. Ministry of Energy, Renewable Energy Act, Act 832. Parliament of the Republic of Ghana, 2011,
  16. Y. Zhang, A. E. Ghaly, and B. Li, “Physical properties of corn residues,” American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 44–53, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. T. Thomsen, Z. Kádár, and J. E. Schmidt, “Compositional analysis and projected biofuel potentials from common West African agricultural residues,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 63, pp. 210–217, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. A. Adelekan, “Cassava as a potent energy crop for the production of ethanol and methane in tropical countries,” International Journal of Thermal & Environmental Engineering, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 25–32, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. F. Kemausuor, A. Kamp, S. T. Thomsen, E. C. Bensah, and H. Østergård, “Assessment of biomass residue availability and bioenergy yields in Ghana,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 86, pp. 28–37, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. P. Gittinger, Economic Analysis of Agricultural Projects, John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Md, USA, 2nd edition, 1982.
  21. Global Bioenergy Partnership, The Global Bioenergy Partnership Sustainability Indicators for Bioenergy, Environment, Climate Change and Bioenergy Division, GBEP Secretariat, FAO, Rome, Italy, 1st edition, 2011,
  22. FAO, Proceedings of The Validation Forum on The Global Cassava Development Strategy, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations International Fund for Agricultural Development, Rome, Italy, 2001.
  23. S. O. Jekayinfa and V. Scholz, “Potential availability of energetically usable crop residues in Nigeria,” Energy Sources Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 687–697, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. Energy Commission, National Energy Statistics—2000–2013, Energy Commission of Ghana, 2013.
  25. E. Buysman, Anaerobic digestion for developing countries with cold climates [M.S. thesis], Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 2009.
  26. Ghana Statistical Services, “2010 Population and Housing Census: Summary of Final Results,” 2012,
  27. Energy Commission, National Energy Statistics 2000–2013, The Energy Commission, 2014,
  28. FAO, “Global forest resources assessment. Food and agriculture organisation of the United Nations,” FAO Forestry Paper 163, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  29. F. Kemausuor, Assessment of technical potential and selected sustainability impacts of second generation bioenergy in Ghana [Ph.D. thesis], Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana, 2015.