Table of Contents
Computational Biology Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 970898, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/970898
Research Article

Intelligent CAD System for Automatic Detection of Mitotic Cells from Breast Cancer Histology Slide Images Based on Teaching-Learning-Based Optimization

Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Shiraz University of Technology, Shiraz, Iran

Received 19 April 2014; Accepted 14 July 2014; Published 24 August 2014

Academic Editor: Giancarlo Mauri

Copyright © 2014 Ramin Nateghi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper introduces a computer-assisted diagnosis (CAD) system for automatic mitosis detection from breast cancer histopathology slide images. In this system, a new approach for reducing the number of false positives is proposed based on Teaching-Learning-Based optimization (TLBO). The proposed CAD system is implemented on the histopathology slide images acquired by Aperio XT scanner (scanner A). In TLBO algorithm, the number of false positives (falsely detected nonmitosis candidates as mitosis ones) is defined as a cost function and, by minimizing it, many of nonmitosis candidates will be removed. Then some color and texture (textural) features such as those derived from cooccurrence and run-length matrices are extracted from the remaining candidates and finally mitotic cells are classified using a specific support vector machine (SVM) classifier. The simulation results have proven the claims about the high performance and efficiency of the proposed CAD system.