Table of Contents
Chemotherapy Research and Practice
Volume 2011, Article ID 989520, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/989520
Research Article

Susceptibility of Bifidobacteria of Animal Origin to Selected Antimicrobial Agents

Department of Food Sciences and Technology, Institute of Food Sciences, BOKU-University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Muthgasse 18, 1190 Vienna, Austria

Received 30 November 2010; Accepted 28 January 2011

Academic Editor: Spyros Pournaras

Copyright © 2011 Sigrid Mayrhofer et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Strains of the genus Bifidobacterium are frequently used as probiotics, for which the absence of acquired antimicrobial resistance has become an important safety criterion. This clarifies the need for antibiotic susceptibility data for bifidobacteria. Based on a recently published standard for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of bifidobacteria with broth microdilution method, the range of susceptibility to selected antibiotics in 117 animal bifidobacterial strains was examined. Narrow unimodal MIC distributions either situated at the low-end (chloramphenicol, linezolid, and quinupristin/dalfopristin) or high-end (kanamycin, neomycin) concentration range could be detected. In contrast, the MIC distribution of trimethoprim was multimodal. Data derived from this study can be used as a basis for reviewing or verifying present microbiological breakpoints suggested by regulatory agencies to assess the safety of these micro-organisms intended for the use in probiotics.