Figure 1: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in boys ( ) and girls ( ). Obesity defined as ≥95th percentile of BMI for age and sex; high waist circumference (H-WC) ≥90th percentile for age and sex, according to national reference curves; high blood pressure (H-BP), SBP and/or DBP ≥90th percentile for sex, age and height, from national reference cut-off points; high fasting blood glucose (H-FBG), fasting glucose ≥100 mg/dL; high triglycerides (H-TG), fasting TG ≥ 110 mg/dL; low HDL cholesterol (L-HDL), HDL < 40 mg/dL.