Table 1: Anthropometric and metabolic characteristics of cohort participants by sex in 3 phases.

Phase IPhase IIPhase III
Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls

Age (year)
Weight (kg) * * *
BMI (kg/m²) *
Overweight (%)19.717.528.323.7*34.327.2*
Obesity (%)8.36*11.98.4*13.88.9*
WC (cm) * * *
Abdominal obesity (%)12.313.726.914.3*33.113*
SBP (mmHg) * * *
DBP (mmHg) *
FBG (mg/dL) * * *
TG (mg/dL) * *
HDL-C (mg/dL) *

Data are presented as mean (SD) or percent.
BMI, body mass index; WC, waist circumference; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; FBG, fasting blood glucose; TG, triglycerides HDL-C, high density lipoprotein cholesterol. Overweight defined as ≥85th to <95th percentile of BMI for age and sex; obesity defined as ≥95th percentile of BMI for age and sex; abdominal obesity defined as WC ≥ 90th percentile for age and sex.
(between boys and girls in each phase).