Table 2: Prevalence of uncontrolled major risk factors from 1988/9 to 2008/9. Standardized data for the European population: women.

Risk conditionsGroup 1
1988-89
()
Group 2
1998-99
()
Group 3
2008-09
()
1 versus 31 versus 22 versus 3

Hypercholesterolemia
 Uncontrolled high cholesterol19.9%18.2%18.1%NS
 Hypercholesterolemic19.9%18.9%25.8%0.000<0.05NS<0.05
 Hypercholesterolemic treated7.9%39.1%
 Treated at target46.7%80.2%
 Hypercholesterolemic at target3.7%37%
Hyperglycaemia
 Uncontrolled high glycaemia 4.5%10%8.6%0.002<0.05<0.05NS
 Diabetics8%10.3%9.3%NS
 Treated diabetics35.2%36%61.3%
 Treated at target8.3%8.1%12.3%
 Diabetics at target3%2.9%7.5%
Smokers
 Current smokers18.1%22.7%23%NS
 Ex-smokers6.9%8.3%10.6%NS
 Nonsmokers75%69%66.4%0.005<0.05<0.05NS
Hypertension
 Hypertensives51%48.5%34.1%0.000<0.05NS<0.05
 Uncontrolled high blood pressure49.1%46.2%25.9%0.000<0.05NS<0.05
 Treated hypertensives6.8%37.5%39.3%
 Effectively treated13%12.6%61.2%
 Hypertensive at target5.2%4.7%24%

Uncontrolled high cholesterol: patients with cholesterol ≥ 240 mg/dL, treated and not treated.
Hypercholesterolemic subjects: uncontrolled high cholesterol + subjects on cholesterol-lowering therapy.
Hypercholesterolemic subjects treated: hypercholesterolemic treated/hypercholesterolemic subjects.
Patients at the target: treated target (cholesterol < 240 mg/dL)/patients treated.
Hypercholesterolemic at the target: hypercholesterolemic at the target/hypercholesterolemic.
Uncontrolled high glycaemia: glycaemia ≥ 126 mg/dL, treated and not treated.
Diabetic patients: uncontrolled high glycaemia + patients treated with hypoglycaemic drugs.
Diabetic treated: treated/diabetic subjects.
Diabetic treated to target: treated target (glycaemia < 126 mg/dL)/diabetics treated.
Diabetic at target: diabetic target/diabetics.
Uncontrolled high blood pressure: SBP ≥ 140 and/or DBP ≥ 90 mmHg, treated and not treated.
Hypertensive patients: uncontrolled high blood pressure + subjects in antihypertensive therapy.
Hypertensive therapy effective: subjects treated with target values/subjects treated.
Effectively treated: treated target/subjects treated.
Hypertensive at target: treated hypertensives with target values/hypertensives.