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Chinese Journal of Engineering
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 891950, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/891950
Research Article

Trabecular Bone Image Segmentation Using Wavelet and Marker-Controlled Watershed Transformation

Sciences and Technologies of Image and Telecommunications, Higher Institute of Biotechnology, University of Sfax, 3038 Sfax, Tunisia

Received 19 February 2014; Revised 4 June 2014; Accepted 18 June 2014; Published 13 July 2014

Academic Editor: De Xu

Copyright © 2014 Wafa Abid Fourati and Mohamed Salim Bouhlel. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper presents a new strategy for the segmentation of trabecular bone image. This kind of image is acquired with microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) to assess bone microarchitecture based chiefly on bone mineral density (BMD) measurements to improve fracture risk prediction. Disease osteoporosis can be predicted from features of CT image where a bone region may consist of several disjoint pieces. It relies on a multiresolution representation of the image by the wavelet transform to compute the multiscale morphological gradient. The coefficients of detail found at the different scales are used to determine the markers and homogeneous regions that are extracted with the watershed algorithm. The method reduces the tendency of the watershed algorithm to oversegment and results in closed homogeneous regions. The performance of the proposed segmentation scheme is presented via experimental results obtained with a broad series of images.