Table of Contents
Conference Papers in Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 412186, 31 pages
Conference Paper

Critical Analysis of Electromagnetic Hyperthermia Randomized Trials: Dubious Effect and Multiple Biases

Galenic Research Institute, Moscow, Russia

Received 20 January 2013; Accepted 18 April 2013

Academic Editors: G. F. Baronzio, M. Jackson, and A. Szasz

This Conference Paper is based on a presentation given by Sergey Roussakow at “Conference of the International Clinical Hyperthermia Society 2012” held from 12 October 2012 to 14 October 2012 in Budapest, Hungary.

Copyright © 2013 Sergey Roussakow. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Hyperthermia in oncology still remains an experimental treatment with no realistic future in clinical cancer therapy, though declaration of the undisputed efficacy of hyperthermia is a common place in every hyperthermia paper. We have studied the available randomized trials on hyperthermia from the position of “null hypothesis” to confirm or refuse the efficacy and safety of clinical hyperthermia, taking into account also the possible biases. Unfortunately, careful analysis of 14 randomized clinical trials has not confirmed a clinical benefit of hyperthermia independently of its type: superficial, deep or whole-body. We have not found any positive trial not affected with biases. With correction to the distortions, there is no trial with obvious long-term positive effect of hyperthermia. Effect of hyperthermia could be shown in experimentally designed clinical trial or versus inadequate comparator. In clinical setting and provided that study design is correct, hyperthermia is not effective at all or not effective enough to justify its obvious disadvantages: toxicity and labor intensity. Thermal concept of hyperthermia seems to be irrelevant. Nevertheless, multiple publications of positive trials, reviews, and meta-analyses create an impression of hyperthermia renaissance.