Table of Contents
Conference Papers in Science
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 847526, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/847526
Conference Paper

WHO Ear and Hearing Disorders Survey: Ecuador National Study 2008-2009

1The University of Chicago Medicine, 5841 S Maryland Avenue, Room 4754 MC 9020, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
2London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
3Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador
4Hospital San Bartolo Quito, Ecuador
5Centro de Otorrinolaringologia Quito, Ecuador

Received 29 July 2013; Accepted 28 August 2013; Published 27 April 2014

Academic Editors: D. G. Balatsouras, Y. de Roten, A. Franze’, and K. Hongo

This Conference Paper is based on a presentation given by Alejandra Ullauri at “The Coalition for Global Hearing Health” held from 3 May 2013 to 4 May 2013 in Nashhville, TN, USA.

Copyright © 2014 Alejandra Ullauri et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. (1) Provide regional governments, institutions, and professionals with local and accurate information on the prevalence of ear and hearing disorders in the Ecuadorian population. (2) Contribute to the global burden of disease by generating standardized data that can be compared among countries and regions. Method. This was a prospective multistage cluster sample design study. Population tested included all members of households selected according to the sample strategy (cluster sample design). Testing was carried out in hospital facilities across the country including audiometry/TEAOEs and otological examination. Results. 5762 subjects were tested, with a global prevalence of hearing disability of 5% with a 95% CI of 3.9% a 6.1%. Out of the total population tested 14.52% are in need of action or services. Conclusions. The prevalence of disablility in hearing correlates with the prevalence found in other studies using the same protocol. The Ecuadorian population is in need of a substantial improvement in hearing services delivery.