Table of Contents
Chromatography Research International
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 214793, 11 pages
Research Article

A Validated High-Performance Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometric (Lc-Ms/Ms) Method for Simultaneous Determination of R(+)-Ketorolac and S(−)-Ketorolac in Human Plasma and Its Application to a Bioequivalence Study

Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacokinetics, Ranbaxy Research Laboratories, Plot: GP-5, Sec-18, HSIIDC, Old Delhi-Gurgaon Road, Gurgaon, Haryana 122 015, India

Received 23 July 2010; Revised 24 September 2010; Accepted 13 October 2010

Academic Editor: Wenkui Li

Copyright © 2011 Sabyasachi Patri et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We report a selective, accurate, and reproducible liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method that employs solid phase extraction for quantification of ketorolac enantiomers in human plasma. Resolution of R(+)-ketorolac and S(−)-ketorolac was achieved using a Chiral-AGP column and a mobile phase of ammonium formate buffer (10 mM, pH 4 . 7 0 ± 0 . 0 5 ):acetonitrile (85 : 15, v/v and 70 : 30, v/v) in a gradient time program. S(+)-etodolac was used as the internal standard (IS). Quantification was achieved using a positive electrospray ionization (ESI+) interface under multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) condition. The method was validated over the concentration range of 9.36–1198.69 ng/ml for R(+)-ketorolac and 6.07–776.74 ng/ml for S(−)-ketorolac. Matrix effect was found negligible and the method showed good performances in terms of accuracy (89.6–102.7%) and precision (1.7–6.7%) for both enantiomers. Extraction recoveries of R(+)-ketorolac, S(−)-ketorolac, and S(+)-etodolac were 82.04, 70.94, and 93.90%, respectively. Results of all stability exercises in human plasma were within acceptable limits. The method was successfully applied to a single dose cross over bioequivalence study in healthy human male volunteers. Incurred Sample Reanalysis (ISR) was performed by randomly selecting 10% of total subject samples of the study using Statistical Analysis Software (SAS). Values of 91.1% for R (+)-ketorolac and 83.5% for S(−)-ketorolac indicated good acceptance for ISR.