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Case Reports in Pathology
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 3089540, 4 pages
Case Report

Unicystic Ameloblastoma with Mural Proliferation Managed by Conservative Treatment

1Department of Stomatology, Area of Pathology, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, 17012-901 Bauru, SP, Brazil
2Department of Stomatology, Sao Lucas School, 76805-846 Porto Velho, RO, Brazil

Received 18 June 2016; Revised 19 July 2016; Accepted 27 July 2016

Academic Editor: Dimosthenis Miliaras

Copyright © 2016 Natália Galvão Garcia et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Unicystic ameloblastoma is a distinguishable entity of ameloblastomas, characterized by slow growth and being relatively locally aggressive. Three histological types are recognized according to the degree of ameloblastomatous epithelial extension, namely, luminal, intraluminal, and mural types. This classification has a direct bearing on their biological behavior, treatment, and prognosis. However, there is difficulty in determining the most appropriate form of treatment for unicystic ameloblastoma. We present a case of unicystic ameloblastoma that occurred in the right posterior mandible of 19-year-old girl, which was enucleated and did not recur after 12-month follow-up.