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Case Reports in Pathology
Volume 2017, Article ID 2876342, 4 pages
Case Report

Bilateral Mesenchymal Hamartoma of the Chest Wall in a 3-Month-Old Boy: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine (MBC-10), King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center (KFSH&RC), P.O. Box 3354, Riyadh 11211, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center (KFSH&RC), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3Department of Radiology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center (KFSH&RC), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence should be addressed to Mona Alfaraidi; moc.liamtoh@idiaraflaanom

Received 18 May 2017; Accepted 16 July 2017; Published 16 August 2017

Academic Editor: Cheryl Ann Palmer

Copyright © 2017 Mona Alfaraidi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Mesenchymal hamartoma of the chest wall is a well-recognized but extremely rare entity. This entity is believed to be benign with no propensity for invasion or metastasis. Although the lesion manifests with alarming aggressive clinical, radiological, and histological features, it is considered benign and carries an excellent outcome. Therefore it is important to recognize this benign entity to avoid the possible misdiagnosis of malignancy and the unnecessary use of chemotherapy. We present a case of bilateral multifocal mesenchymal hamartomas of the chest wall in a male infant and a literature review of this entity. Our aim is to improve the awareness of this condition and highlight its benign behavior and satisfactory outcome following complete surgical resection.