(a) Physical examination of the scaphocephalic cadaver head. Superior view shows the demarcation of the displaced sagittal strip (black arrows). (b) Computed Tomography (CT) images of the cadaver head. Left: The axial view reveals a thickened skull and spaces of bone towards the posterior aspect of the skull. The long, narrow skull yielded a cranial vault index of 0.56. The brain appears to have undergone significant atrophy. Right: The coronal view shows an abnormal thinning of the skull on each side of the sagittal suture near the superior aspect of the skull. These areas likely coincide with the areas lacking bone in the axial view. (c) Increased bone thickness in the scaphocephalic skull of the individual with CS. The thickness of the frontal, parietal, occipital and temporal bones was measured in five male mesocephalic skulls (normal, dark grey) at the bony points described in [5
] using Neiko digital calipers. The measurements of the frontal bones were conducted approximately 15 mm above the supraorbital ridges at three points: center point (FC) and 2 cm away from the center point on the left (FL) and right (FR). The occipital bones were measured approximately 4 cm above the external occipital protuberance at three points: center point (OC) and 2 cm away from the center point on the left (OL) and right (OR). Thickness of the temporal bones were measured at the level of the zygomaticofrontal suture on the left (TL) and right (TR) sides. The parietal bones were measured approximately 1 cm above the most superior point of the squamosal suture on the left (PL) and right (PR) side. The same measurements were conducted on the scaphocephalic cadaveric head (CS, pattern) at the bony points described above using Syngo Fast-View software. Data shown are mean of three measurements for a single scaphocephalic skull and 15 measurements for five mesocephalic skulls (three measurements per skull).