Table of Contents
Dataset Papers in Science
Volume 2014, Article ID 176471, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/176471
Dataset Paper

New Distributional Data of Butterflies in the Middle of the Mediterranean Basin: An Area Very Sensitive to Expected Climate Change

Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura, Unità di Ricerca per la Selvicoltura in Ambiente Mediterraneo, Contrada Li Rocchi-Vermicelli, Rende, 87036 Cosenza, Italy

Received 6 November 2013; Accepted 6 March 2014; Published 12 May 2014

Academic Editors: P. Nowicki, B. Qian, and B. Schatz

Copyright © 2014 Stefano Scalercio. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Butterflies are known to be very sensitive to environmental changes. Species distribution is modified by climate warming with latitudinal and altitudinal range shifts, but also environmental perturbations modify abundance and species composition of communities. Changes can be detected and described when large datasets are available, but unfortunately only for few Mediterranean countries they were created. The butterfly fauna of the Mediterranean Basin is very sensitive to climate warming and there is an urgent need of large datasets to investigate and mitigate risks such as local extinctions or new pest outbreaks. The fauna of Calabria, the southernmost region of peninsular Italy, is composed also of European species having here their southern range. The aim of this dataset paper is to increase and update the knowledge of butterfly distribution in a region very sensitive to climate warming that can become an early-warning area.