Table of Contents
Dataset Papers in Science
Volume 2015, Article ID 625846, 7 pages
Dataset Paper

An Observatory Plot System for Grain Production in the Neotropical Savannas

1Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aéreo 6713, Cali, Colombia
2Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria, Centro de La Libertad, Villavicencio, Meta, Colombia

Received 23 September 2014; Revised 2 February 2015; Accepted 3 February 2015

Academic Editor: Hongjie Xie

Copyright © 2015 Soroush Parsa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The neotropical savanna is the second largest biome in South America, with significant potential for agricultural development. In Colombia, this biome is experiencing rapid land-use change leading to the conversion of seminatural landscapes into to intensive agricultural systems. Our Dataset Paper documents the emerging intensive grain production systems. Between 2011 and 2013, we established 336 observatory plots within farmer’s maize, rice, and soybean fields along a 200 Km transect from Puerto Lopez (Meta) to Viento (Vichada). From each of these plots, we submit 184 descriptors or variables capturing their location, rotation history, management, and environment. Our specific objective in collecting the data was to identify key factors explaining yield variation, with emphasis on interactions between management and environmental factors potentially informing the development of site-specific management protocols. Beyond this objective, the dataset submitted here is intended to support additional inquiries contributing to the sustainable development of agriculture in the neotropical savannas.