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Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy
Volume 1 (1994), Issue 1, Pages 1-8

The Use of Prosthetic Stents in Tracheobronchial, Gastrointestinal, and Genitourinary Diseases

1Division of Thoracic Diseases, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St. Southwest, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
2Division of Thoracic Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA
3Division of Gastroenterology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA
4Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA

Accepted 24 January 1994

Copyright © 1994 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The concept of using a stent to maintain patency of a lumen is not new. As early as 1969, stents were being investigated in the peripheral arterial system as a means of preventing restenosis after dilatation by balloon angioplasty (Dotter, 1969). Since then, numerous reports have demonstrated the use of stents in both the peripheral and coronary artery systems (Maass et al., 1982; Dotter et al., 1983; Wright et al., 1985; Palmaz et al., 1987). Concomitant with the investigation of expandable endovascular metal prosthesis has been the development of prosthetic devices for management of tracheobronchial, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary diseases. We will review the use of endoscopically placed prosthetic devices in the management of diseases affecting these systems.