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Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy
Volume 1 (1994), Issue 1, Pages 37-43

Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy, Duodenostomy and Jejunostomy

1First Department of Surgery, Osaka City University Medical School, Osaka, Japan
2Department of Surgery, Baba Memorial Hospital, Japan
3First Department of Surgery, Osaka City University Medical School, 1-5-7, Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka city 545, Osaka , Japan

Received 28 October 1993; Accepted 6 January 1994

Copyright © 1994 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Although enteral feeding by nasal gastric tube is popular for the patients who have a swallowing disability and require long-term nutritional support, but have intact gut, this tube sometimes causes aspiration pneumonia or esophageal ulcer. For these patients, conventional techniques for performance of a feeding gastrostomy made by surgical laparotomy have been used so far. However, these patients are frequently poor anesthetic and operative risks. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) which can be accomplished with local anesthesia and without the necessity for laparotomy has become popular in the clinical treatment for these patients. PEG was performed in 31 cases, percutaneous endoscopic duodenostomy (PED) in 1 case, and percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (PEJ) in 2 cases. All patients were successfully placed, and no major complication and few minor complications (9%) were experienced in this procedure. After this procedure, some patients could discharge their sputa easily and their pneumonia subsided. PED and PEJ for the patients who had previously received gastrostomy could also be done successfully with great care. Our experience suggests that PEG, PED, and PEJ are rapid, safe, and useful procedures for the patients who have poor anesthetic or poor operative risks.