Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy / 1997 / Article

Open Access

Volume 4 |Article ID 356898 | https://doi.org/10.1155/DTE.4.69

Toshiki Koyama, Katsuya Nonomura, Kaname Ameda, Hidehiro Kakizaki, Yasukuni Matsugase, Yuichiro Shinno, Takayuki Kanno, Tetsufumi Yamashita, Masashi Murakumo, Tomohiko Koyanagi, "Laparoscopic Evaluation and the Management of the Nonpalpable Testis", Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy, vol. 4, Article ID 356898, 6 pages, 1997. https://doi.org/10.1155/DTE.4.69

Laparoscopic Evaluation and the Management of the Nonpalpable Testis

Received03 Apr 1997
Accepted13 May 1997


From June 1992 to December 1996, we performed laparoscopic evaluation for 28 nonpalpable testes in 22 patients (1–21, median 3 years old).The location of 28 testes were divided into 4 categories according to the classification by Malone et al.: canalicular in 17 testes, just canalicular in 2, abdominal in 7, and absent in 2. Two-stage Fowler–Stephens orchiopexy was performed in 3 abdominal testes and planned two-stage orchiopexy was performed in one abdominal testis, while one-stage standard orchiopexy was performed in 10 testes (canalicular 5, just canalicular 2, and abdominal 3). In 10 of 17 canalicular testes no testicular element was found on histological examination of the excised remnant tissue. In two completely absent testicular structures, as verified by vanishing spermatic vessels, no further exploration was done after laparoscopy. There was one complication in this series: jejunal injury which needed oversewing, otherwise there was no postoperative sequela in all cases.Laparoscopic evaluation in patients with nonpalpable testes gives us precise information as to the existence and location of the testicle which is helpful in determining subsequent appropriate procedure and avoiding unnecessary abdominal exploration.

Copyright © 1997 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

More related articles

 PDF Download Citation Citation
 Order printed copiesOrder

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.