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Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy
Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 1-7
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/DTE.4.1

Ureteroscopic Lithotripsy

Department of Urology, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Received 12 February 1997; Accepted 14 March 1997

Copyright © 1997 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

There is a wide array of endoscopic lithotriptors presently available. Each of these has its own advantages and disadvantages. No single lithotriptor is suitable for all applications and none can meet the goal of fragmenting all calculi while remaining harmless to tissue.