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Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy
Volume 7 (2000), Issue 1, Pages 35-45

Evaluation of Annuloaortic Ectasia by Angioscopy and IVUS “Report of 2 cases”

Cardiovascular Center, Toho University Hospital at Sakura, 564-1 Shimoshizu, Sakura city, Chiba 285-8741, Japan

Received 15 May 2000; Revised 4 July 2000; Accepted 4 July 2000

Copyright © 2000 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We attempted combined use of angioscopy and intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS) to localize the coronary ostia and determine the aortic segment to be replaced in patients with annuloaortic ectasia, because these preoperative informations are important for selection of an appropriate technique for reconstructing the coronary artery, to prevent complications, and also to postoperative follow-up. Two cases with annuloaortic ectasia underwent angioscopy and IVUS both pre- and post-operatively. Structure of aortic cusps, position of coronary ostia, the extent of ectasia with very thin wall were clearly observed by IVUS. Angioscopy showed milky white luminal surface of the ectasic segment. After Cabrol’s operation, the sutured portion of native aorta and graft was clearly identified by IVUS and mural thrombus and naked surface of graft were observed by angioscopy. Complications were observed in none. The results indicate feasibility of combined use of angioscopy and IVUS for determination of surgical approach and follow-up in patients with AAE.