Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy / 2009 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Update on Management of Caustic and Foreign Body Ingestion in Children

Table 4

Foreign body ingestion, when the surgeon should be involved.

Emergency/urgencySevere clinical presentationsSerious respiratory problemsdyspnoea
cyanosis
Acute abdomenperforation
occlusion
Severe haemorrhage
Unexpected situation or complication occurring during endoscopic removal

Election/delayedFB too big or potentially dangerousBezoars
FB big, sharp, cutting
Multiple magnets
Documented failure of progression through the gut
Patients with congenital or acquired pathologies which could cause transit difficulties
Late observation for not noticed ingestion or not clear anamnesis

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