Table 2: Results of the in vivo study. It was possible to perform partial gastrectomy and cholecystectomy by pure NOTES.

Transrectal route

Partial gastrectomy ( )Cholecystectomy ( )

The number of port-setting12 mm (2 routes) 7 mm (1 route)12 mm (1 route) 7 mm (2 route)

Time between gastric piercing and fully port-setting (min.)32.519.5
Operation time (min.)187.5119
Mount of bleeding 50 g 50 g