Table of Contents
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy
Volume 2010, Article ID 759431, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/759431
Review Article

Current Limitations and Perspectives in Single Port Surgery: Pros and Cons Laparo-Endoscopic Single-Site Surgery (LESS) for Renal Surgery

Department of Urology, Medical University of Vienna, AKH, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090 Wien, Austria

Received 1 November 2009; Revised 28 December 2009; Accepted 28 December 2009

Academic Editor: Pedro F. Escobar

Copyright © 2010 Peter Weibl et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Laparo-Endoscopic Single-Site surgery (LESS) for kidney diseases is quickly evolving and has a tendency to expand the urological armory of surgical techniques. However, we should not be overwhelmed by the surgical skills only and weight it against the basic clinical and oncological principles when compared to standard laparoscopy. The initial goal is to define the ideal candidates and ideal centers for LESS in the future. Modification of basic instruments in laparoscopy presumably cannot result in better functional and oncological outcomes, especially when the optimal working space is limited with the same arm movements. Single port surgery is considered minimally invasive laparoscopy; on the other hand, when using additional ports, it is no more single port, but hybrid traditional laparoscopy. Whether LESS is a superior or equally technique compared to traditional laparoscopy has to be proven by future prospective randomized trials.