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Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 1414090, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1414090
Research Article

Long-Term Endoscopic Follow-Up of Patients with Chronic Radiation Proctopathy after Brachytherapy for Prostate Cancer

1Second Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, 23-3 Matsuokashimoaizuki, Eiheiji-cho, Yoshida-gun, Fukui 910-1193, Japan
2Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Fukui 910-1193, Japan
3Department of Urology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Fukui 910-1193, Japan

Received 4 January 2016; Accepted 16 May 2016

Academic Editor: Patrick J. O’Dwyer

Copyright © 2016 Masahiro Ohtani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Chronic radiation proctopathy (CRP) is late toxicity and associated with morbidity. Aim. To investigate the predictors of prognosis in patients with CRP after brachytherapy (BT). Methods. One hundred four patients with prostate cancer were treated with BT or BT followed by external-beam radiotherapy (BT + EBRT). We retrospectively investigated the 5-year incidence of rectal bleeding and endoscopic findings of CRP using the Vienna Rectoscopy Score (VRS). Twenty patients with VRS ≥ 1 were divided into the improved VRS group without treatment, unchanged VRS group, and treated group. The parameters associated with alteration of VRS were analyzed. Results. The incidence of rectal bleeding was 24%. The risk of rectal bleeding was higher in patients treated with BT + EBRT compared to those treated with BT (). The incidence of superficial microulceration was higher in the improved VRS group than in the unchanged VRS group (). The incidence of multiple confluent telangiectasia or superficial ulcers > 1 cm2 was higher in the treated group than in both the improved and unchanged VRS groups (). Conclusions. Patients treated with BT + EBRT have a high risk of CRP. Endoscopic findings were useful for prognostic prediction of CRP.