Table of Contents
Economics Research International
Volume 2013, Article ID 138485, 14 pages
Research Article

Economic Impacts of Using Switchgrass as a Feedstock for Ethanol Production: A Case Study Located in East Tennessee

1Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-4518, USA
2Emerging Market Division, Strategy, Policy and Review Department, International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC, USA

Received 8 September 2012; Revised 8 December 2012; Accepted 31 December 2012

Academic Editor: Silvia Secchi

Copyright © 2013 Burton C. English et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. U.S. Congress, “Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007,” Public Law No: 110–140. December 19, 2007.
  2. U.S. Department of Energy, “U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry,” R. D. Perlack and B. J. Stokes (Leads), ORNL/TM-2011/224, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tenn, USA, 227p, 2011.
  3. B. C. English, D. De La Torre Ugarte, K. Jensen et al., 25% Renewable Energy For the United States By 2025: Agricultural and Economic Impacts, The University of Tennessee, Institute of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 2006.
  4. Biomass Research and Development Technical Advisory Committee, Roadmap for Bioenergy and Biobased Products in the United States, Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, USA, 2007,
  5. L. Wright, Historical Perspective on How and Why Switchgrass was Selected as a “Model” High-Potential Energy Crop, ORNL/TM-2007/109, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tenn, USA, 2007.
  6. L. Rinehart, Switchgrass as a Bioenergy Crop, National Center for Appropriate Technology, 2006,
  7. S. B. McLaughlin, J. Bouton, D. Bransby et al., “Developing switchgrass as a bioenergy crop,” in Perspectives on New Crops and New Uses, J. Janick, Ed., ASHS Press, Alexandria, VA, USA, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  8. S. B. McLaughlin and L. A. Kszos, “Development of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) as a bioenergy feedstock in the United States,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 515–535, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. A. Larson, T. Yu, B. C. English, D. F. Mooney, and C. Wang, “Cost evaluation of alternative switchgrass producing, harvesting, storing, and transporting systems and their logistics in the southeastern US,” Agricultural Finance Review, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 184–200, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  10. L. Brass, East Tennessee Farmers’ First Switchgrass; Harvest Ready to Turn Into Biofuel, Checkbiotech, 2011,
  11. D. F. Mooney, J. A. Larson, B. C. English, and D. D. Tyler, “Effects of dry matter loss on profitability of outdoor storage of switchgrass,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 44, pp. 33–41, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  12. W. F. Lazarus, D. G. Tiffany, R. S. Zalesny, and D. E. Riemenschneider, “Economic impacts of short-rotation woody crops for energy or oriented strand board: a Minnesota case study,” Journal of Forestry, vol. 109, no. 3, pp. 149–156, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. J. Thomassin and L. Baker, “Macroeconomic impact of establishing a large-scale fuel ethanol plant on the Canadian economy,” Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 67–85, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. Miranowski, D. Swenson, L. Eathington, and A. Rosburg, “Biofuel, the rural economy, and farm structure,” in Risk, Infrastructure and Industry Evolution, B. C. English, R. J. Menard, and K. Jensen, Eds., Farm Foundation Press, Washington, DC, USA, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  15. K. Mukhopadhyay and P. J. Thomassin, “Macroeconomic effects of the Ethanol Biofuel Sector in Canada,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 2822–2838, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. J. Vogel, K. Hanson, J. M. Price, and G. Schluter, “Putting bounds on estimating economywide impacts from adopting the renewable fuels standard,” AgBioForum, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 101–104, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. D. De La Torre Ugarte, B. English, K. Jensen, C. Hellwinckel, J. Menard, and B. Wilson, Economic and Agricultural Impacts of Ethanol and Biodiesel Expansion, University of Tennessee, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 2006,
  18. D. Swenson, “Appendix I: Biofuel Industry Economic Impacts and Analysis, in Renewable Fuels Roadmap and Sustainable Biomass Feedstock Supply for New York,” 2011 Update to the Final Report, prepared by Wojnar, October 2011,
  19. C. Hart, D. Otto, and M. Hudak, “Economic Impacts of the Ethanol Industry in Iowa and the U.S. Research Report, Community Vitality Center,” May 2012,
  20. J. L. Outlaw and J. W. Richardson, “Economic impact of the current and potential biodiesel industry in Texas,” Tech. Rep., Biodiesel Coalition of Texas, 2008, View at Google Scholar
  21. F. L. Leistritz and N. M. Hodur, “Biofuels: a major rural economic development opportunity,” Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 501–504, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. C. Bailey, J. F. Dyer, and L. Teeter, “Assessing the rural development potential of lignocellulosic biofuels in Alabama,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 1408–1417, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. B. Aksoy, H. Cullinan, D. Webster et al., “Woody biomass and mill waste utilization opportunities in Alabama: transportation cost minimization, optimum facility location, economic feasibility, and impact,” Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy, vol. 30, pp. 720–732, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  24. Y. Gao, Evaluation of pre-processing and storage options in biomass supply logistics: a case study in East Tennessee [M.S. thesis], The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn, USA, 2011.
  25. B. S. Wilson, Modeling cellulosic ethanol plant location using GIS [M.S. thesis], The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn, USA, 2009.
  26. M. Wang, C. Saricks, and D. Santini, Effects of Fuel Ethanol Use on Fuel-Cycle Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions, U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Center for Transportation Research, Argonne, IL, USA, 1999.
  27. G. Tembo, F. M. Epplin, and R. L. Huhnke, “Integrative investment appraisal of a lignocellulosic biomass-to-ethanol industry,” Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 611–633, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. D. Olson and S. Lindall, IMPLAN Professional Software, Analysis, and Data Guide, Minnesota IMPLAN Group, Hudson, WI, USA, 1999.
  29. D. Humbird, R. Davis, L. Tao et al., “Process design economics for biochemical conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to Ethanol,” Tech. Rep. TP-5100-44764, NREL, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  30. J. Menard, B. C. English, and K. Jensen, Economic Impacts of Agricultural and Forestry in Tennessee, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Tennessee, 2011,
  31. UT Extension, “Guideline Switchgrass Establishment and Annual Production Budgets 10 over Three Year Planning Horizon,” University of Tennessee, Institute of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, AE10-02, 2009,