Table of Contents
Economics Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 647169, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/647169
Research Article

Effect of Physician Gender on Demand for Pap Tests

1Department of Public Finance, National Taipei University, 151 University Road, San Shia District, New Taipei City 23741, Taiwan
2Department of Economics, National Chengchi University, 64 Section 2, Zhi Nan Road, Wenshan District, Taipei City 11605, Taiwan

Received 2 April 2014; Revised 8 September 2014; Accepted 9 September 2014; Published 18 September 2014

Academic Editor: Stephen Jan

Copyright © 2014 Tsui-Fang Lin and Jennjou Chen. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

People’s demand for preventive medical care is one type of investment in health. The aim of this paper is to examine women’s demand for secondary prevention in Taiwan, focusing on the role a physician’s gender plays in women’s inclination to undergo Pap tests. Our estimation results show that regional ratio of female doctors has a positive and significant effect on utilization of Pap tests for the full sample and for women aged below 30. In addition, doctor’s gender matters only in utilization of Pap tests not in other types of preventive healthcare services in Taiwan. We suggest that the government may consider liberalizing medical laws to make it legal for trained female nurses or nurse practitioners to perform Pap tests in order to encourage the utilization of Pap tests, especially in rural and mountain areas. The government may also consider subsidizing the use of cervical cancer vaccines to help females prevent cervical cancer.