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Enzyme Research
Volume 2011, Article ID 280696, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/280696
Review Article

Microbial Cellulases and Their Industrial Applications

1Lignocellulose Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, University of Delhi South Campus, New Delhi 110021, India
2Research & Development Division, Lystek International Inc., Waterloo, ON, Canada N2J 3H8

Received 14 May 2011; Accepted 9 July 2011

Academic Editor: Alane Beatriz Vermelho

Copyright © 2011 Ramesh Chander Kuhad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Microbial cellulases have shown their potential application in various industries including pulp and paper, textile, laundry, biofuel production, food and feed industry, brewing, and agriculture. Due to the complexity of enzyme system and immense industrial potential, cellulases have been a potential candidate for research by both the academic and industrial research groups. Nowadays, significant attentions have been devoted to the current knowledge of cellulase production and the challenges in cellulase research especially in the direction of improving the process economics of various industries. Scientific and technological developments and the future prospects for application of cellulases in different industries are discussed in this paper.