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Enzyme Research
Volume 2011, Article ID 615803, 16 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/615803
Review Article

Production and Use of Lipases in Bioenergy: A Review from the Feedstocks to Biodiesel Production

1School of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, 21941-970 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
2Biotechnology Division, Research and Development Center, 21941-915 Petrobras, Brazil
3Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, 21941-970 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

Received 30 January 2011; Accepted 28 April 2011

Academic Editor: Francisco Gírio

Copyright © 2011 Bernardo Dias Ribeiro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Lipases represent one of the most reported groups of enzymes for the production of biofuels. They are used for the processing of glycerides and fatty acids for biodiesel (fatty acid alkyl esters) production. This paper presents the main topics of the enzyme-based production of biodiesel, from the feedstocks to the production of enzymes and their application in esterification and transesterification reactions. Growing technologies, such as the use of whole cells as catalysts, are addressed, and as concluding remarks, the advantages, concerns, and future prospects of enzymatic biodiesel are presented.