Table 2: Nomenclature of fatty acids [1, 9].

Common nameSystematic nameChemical structure1Melting point (°C)

Lauric acidDodecanoic acid12 : 044.2
Miristic acidTetradecanoic acid14 : 054.4
Palmitic acidHexadecanoic acid16 : 062.9
Palmitoleic acid9-Hexadecenoic acid16 : 1−0.1
Stearic acidOctadecanoic acid18 : 070.1
Oleic acid9-Octadecenoic acid18 : 116.3
Elaidic acid9-Octadecenoic acid18 : 143.7
Vaccenic acid11-Octadecenoic acid18 : 144.0
Linoleic acid9, 12-Octadecadienoic acid18 : 2−6.5
γ-Linolenic acid6, 9, 12-Octadecatrienoic acid18 : 3−11.0
α-Linolenic acid9, 12, 15-Octadecatrienoic acid18 : 3−12.8
Arachidic acidEicosanoic acid20 : 076.1
Gadoleic acid9-Eicosenoic acid20 : 125.0
Arachidonic acid5, 8, 11, 14-Eicosatetraenoic acid20 : 4−49.5
Behenic acidDocosanoic acid22 : 080.0
Erucic acid13-Docosenoic acid22 : 133.4

1 nomenclature, where represents the total number of carbon atoms and represents the number of unsaturated bonds.