Table of Contents
Epidemiology Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 193678, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/193678
Research Article

Epidemiological Patterns of Varicella in the Period of 1977 to 2012 in the Rijeka District, Croatia

Public Health Institute, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia

Received 30 August 2013; Revised 13 November 2013; Accepted 15 December 2013; Published 29 January 2014

Academic Editor: Huibert Burger

Copyright © 2014 Vjekoslav Bakašun and Đana Pahor. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The incidence and distribution of reported varicella cases in the Rijeka District (RD), Croatia (323,130 inhabitants in 1990 and because of the new administrative distribution 305,505 inhabitants in 1991), from 1977 to 2012 are presented. During this period, varicella is continuously present in the RD and these epidemics appear practically every other year. The highest incidence of 1642 per 100,000 inhabitants was registered in 1987. High incidence was also registered during the interepidemic years, while the lowest 247 per 100,000 inhabitants was registered in 2001. Children between the ages of 5 and 9 years were mostly infected, while 87.7% of the 78,883 registered cases were in those up to 14 years. Varicella manifests most intensively during winter and spring, with a peak in March and April. Males are not significantly more affected (51.1%) than females (48.9%). In the observed period, there was not a single reported case of death connected with the varicella disease.