Table of Contents
Epidemiology Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 521569, 8 pages
Research Article

The Correlation between Gender Inequalities and Their Health Related Factors in World Countries: A Global Cross-Sectional Study

1Department of Epidemiology, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 71645-111, Shiraz, Iran
2Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 397, Gonabad, Iran
3Kurdistan Research Center for Social Determinants of Health (KRCSDH), School of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 6618634683, Sanandaj, Iran
4Health Promotion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 98135, Zahedan, Iran

Received 27 August 2014; Revised 19 October 2014; Accepted 20 October 2014; Published 9 November 2014

Academic Editor: Jaume Marrugat

Copyright © 2014 Jafar Hassanzadeh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The study aimed to investigate gender inequalities and their health associated factors in world countries. A cross-sectional survey was undertaken using data of United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and World Health Organization (WHO). The main variable in this study was gender inequality index (GII). All countries were stratified by WHO regions. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to assess the linear correlation between GII and investigated factors by WHO regions. The mean of GII was greater in Africa and lower in Europe region. There was negative significant association between GII and life expectancy at birth and mean years of schooling, prevalence of current tobacco smoking, high blood pressure and overweight and obesity, alcohol consumption rate, and cancer death rate. But there was positive significant association between GII and noncommunicable diseases death rates. In conclusion, gender inequalities, though decreasing over the past decades in world, remain notably greater in Africa and Eastern Mediterranean regions than in Europe. Gender inequality is also an important issue which is related to health factors. Hence, countries will need to focus on public health intervention and equal distribution of economic resources to reduce gender inequality in society.