Table of Contents
Epidemiology Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 974019, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/974019
Research Article

Sociodemographic Characteristics of Acne among University Students in Damascus, Syria

1Population Health & Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Sungai Buloh Campus, Jalan Hospital, 47000 Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia
2Cultural Centre, University of Malaya, Lembah Pantai, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
3Faculty of Medicine, Syrian International University for Science and Technology (SIUST), Dara’a, Damascus, Syria

Received 15 April 2013; Revised 7 November 2013; Accepted 20 November 2013; Published 2 January 2014

Academic Editor: Suminori Kono

Copyright © 2014 Waqar Al-Kubaisy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

To estimate the prevalence and identify risk factors that may be associated with acne among university students in Syria, a cross-sectional study was conducted in the Syrian International University for Science and Technology in December 2009. A sample of 500 students was chosen. Each participant was subjected to an interview and clinical examination of acne in addition to height and weight measurements. Acne prevalence was 34.7% (172/496). Male students had higher rate of acne compared to females (42.9% versus 23.6%, ) and their acne started significantly at a younger age (18.13 versus 19.04 years old, ). Face was the commonest site for acne in both males and females. Washing face frequently per day in both sexes has a significant relation with a decreased prevalence of acne. Moreover, psychological stress particularly when the students were away from family was associated with a significant higher rate of acne. We found that the prevalence of acne steadily increased with increasing body mass index. Acne is a health and psychological problem among university students particularly when affecting the face. Several factors such as gender, body mass index, and stress were found to be associated with acne formation.