Table of Contents
Epilepsy Research and Treatment
Volume 2012, Article ID 802747, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/802747
Research Article

Active Epilepsy as Indicator of Neurocysticercosis in Rural Northwest India

1Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, Kangra 176001, India
2Acharya Shri Chander College of Medical Sciences, Sidhra, Jammu 180017, India

Received 28 January 2012; Accepted 20 March 2012

Academic Editor: Colin P. Doherty

Copyright © 2012 Sunil Kumar Raina et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To determine the contribution of neurocysticercosis as a cause for active epilepsy and to establish Neurocysticercosis as major definable risk of epilepsy in our setup. Methods. We conducted a door-to-door survey of 2,209 individuals of Bhore Pind and Bhore Kullian villages in Chattah zone of district Jammu (Jumma and Kashmir, Northwest India) to identify patients with symptomatic epilepsy. Patients with active epilepsy were investigated with neuroimaging techniques to establish diagnosis of NCC (neurocysticercosis). Results. Among 25 patients with epilepsy 10(40%) had CT/MR evidence of past or recent NCC infection. This gave us the point prevalence of 4.5/1000 for Neurocysticercosis in our study population. Interpretation. The study shows a high prevalence of NCC accounting for symptomatic epilepsy in our part of India.