Epilepsy Research and Treatment / 2016 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Assessing a Metacognitive Account of Associative Memory Impairments in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

Table 2

Summary of neuropsychological assessment (standard deviation in parentheses).

TestTLEControls statistic value

WASI (index scores)
VIQ105.21 (15.39)105.72 (14.92)0.010.92
PIQ102.63 (12.72)109.72 (13.69)2.740.11
FSIQ104.76 (13.58)108.94 (13.65)0.940.34

BMIPB (z-scores)
Figure immediate−1.35 (1.12)0.06 (1.18)14.560.001
Figure delayed−0.88 (−0.88)0.39 (0.91)19.640.001
List learning−0.28 (1.38)0.33 (1.14)2.200.15
Postinterference list −0.61 (1.18)0.28 (0.73)7.740.01
Story immediate−1.13 (1.15)−0.06 (0.77)11.200.002
Story delayed−1.26 (1.02)0.11 (0.93)19.330.001

WRMT (raw scores)
Words44.00 (4.41)48.22 (1.66)14.740.001
Faces39.00 (6.13)43.44 (4.10)6.900.01

D-KEFS fluency (-scores)
FAS verbal −0.55 (1.04)0.13 (0.96)1.780.19
Category−0.49 (0.98)0.07 (0.90)1.970.17

Max. digit span forward7.00 (1.11)6.94 (1.06)0.030.87
Max. digit span backward5.23 (1.34)5.78 (1.17)1.830.19

HADS (raw scores)
Anxiety8.59 (3.88)5.83 (3.47)5.520.02
Depression4.80 (2.98)3.56 (2.81)1.820.19

Note: TLE = temporal lobe epilepsy, NART = National Adult Reading Test [33], WASI = Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence [34], VIQ = verbal IQ, PIQ = performance IQ, FSIQ = full scale IQ, BMIPB = BIRT Memory and Information Processing Battery [35], WRMT = Warrington Recognition Memory Test [36], D-KEFS = Delis-Kaplan Executive Function Scale [37], and HADS = hospital anxiety and depression rating scale [38].