Table of Contents
Epilepsy Research and Treatment
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 6705807, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6705807
Research Article

Knowledge, Beliefs, and Practices on Epilepsy among High School Students of Central Nepal

1Department of Neurology, National Institute of Neurological and Allied Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal
2Department of General Medicine, Primary Health Centre, Jutpani, Chitwan, Nepal
3Department of Pharmacy, Shree Medical and Technical College, Bharatpur, Nepal
4Department of Hospital Pharmacy, Chitwan Medical College Teaching Hospital, Chitwan, Nepal

Correspondence should be addressed to Tirtha Raj Bhandari

Received 27 July 2016; Revised 19 December 2016; Accepted 18 January 2017; Published 12 February 2017

Academic Editor: Louis Lemieux

Copyright © 2017 Lekhjung Thapa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Epilepsy continues to increase worldwide but, unfortunately, many high school students have inadequate knowledge of and negative beliefs towards the disease. We aimed to assess the knowledge, beliefs, and practices of epilepsy among high school students of Central Nepal. Materials and Methods. A cross-sectional study was performed involving 1360 high school students from 33 private schools across Bharatpur, from June 2013 to July 2013, to assess their knowledge, beliefs, and practices (KBP) on epilepsy using a standardized questionnaire. The differences in mean KBP scores between different sexes, religions, and those personally knowing versus not knowing someone with epilepsy were assessed using independent -tests; a Pearson correlation was calculated to assess the relationship between KBP scores and age. Results. Of 1360 participants, 79 (5.8%) students had never heard or read about epilepsy and were consequently excluded from statistical analysis. Only 261 out of 1360 (19.2%) had personally known someone with epilepsy. The mean KBP scores were 5.0/8, 7.4/12, and 1.7/3, respectively. Statistically significant differences were only observed in the knowledge component of the KBP score; female scored higher than males () and, interestingly, students who had personally known a person with epilepsy actually knew less than those who had not known one (). We also found a significant negative correlation between knowledge and age (). Conclusions. The overall knowledge, beliefs, and practices appear to be inadequate, emphasizing the need for further educational intervention.