Table of Contents
Journal of Fluids
Volume 2014, Article ID 325259, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/325259
Research Article

Modeling the Uniformity of Manifold with Various Configurations

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq
2Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Received 14 February 2014; Accepted 24 July 2014; Published 24 August 2014

Academic Editor: Mohy S. Mansour

Copyright © 2014 Jafar M. Hassan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. S. Gandhi, A. A. Ganguli, J. B. Joshi, and P. K. Vijayan, “CFD simulation for steam distribution in header and tube assemblies,” Chemical Engineering Research and Design, vol. 90, no. 4, pp. 487–506, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. A. Bajura, “A model for flow distribution in manifolds,” Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, vol. 93, no. 1, pp. 7–12, 1971. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. R. A. Bajura and E. H. Jones Jr., “Flow distribution manifolds,” Journal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME, vol. 98, no. 4, pp. 654–666, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. K. Majumdar, “Mathematical modeling of flows in dividing and combining flow manifold,” Applied Mathematical Modelling, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 424–432, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. K. Bassiouny and H. Martin, “Flow distribution and pressure drop in plate heat exchangers-I U-type arrangement,” Chemical Engineering Science, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 693–700, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. K. Bassiouny and H. Martin, “Flow distribution and pressure drop in plate heat exchangers-II Z-type arrangement,” Chemical Engineering Science, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 701–704, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. H. Choi, S. Shin, and Y. I. Cho, “The effect of area ratio on the flow distribution in liquid cooling module manifolds for electronic packaging,” International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 221–234, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. H. Choi, S. Shin, and Y. I. Cho, “The effects of the Reynolds number and width ratio on the flow distribution in manifolds of liquid cooling modules for electronic packaging,” International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 607–617, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Kim, E. Choi, and Y. I. Cho, “The effect of header shapes on the flow distribution in a manifold for electronic packaging applications,” International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 329–341, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Jiao, R. Zhang, and S. Jeong, “Experimental investigation of header configuration on flow maldistribution in plate-fin heat exchanger,” Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 1235–1246, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Wen, Y. Li, A. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “PIV investigations of flow patterns in the entrance configuration of plate-fin heat exchanger,” Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 15–23, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. C. K. Tong, E. M. Sparrow, and J. P. Abraham, “Geometric strategies for attainment of identical outflows through all of the exit ports of a distribution manifold in a manifold system,” Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 29, no. 17-18, pp. 3552–3560, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. Minqiang, Z. Dehuai, T. Yong, and C. Dongqing, “CFD-based study of velocity distribution among multiple parallel microchannels,” Journal of Computers, vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 1133–1138, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B. Mathew, T. J. John, and H. Hegab, “Effect of manifold design on flow distribution in multichanneled microfluidic devices,” in Proceedings of the ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Conference (FEDSM '09), pp. 543–548, August 2009. View at Scopus
  15. A. W. Chen and E. M. Sparrow, “Effect of exit-port geometry on the performance of a flow distribution manifold,” Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 29, no. 13, pp. 2689–2692, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. V. V. Dharaiya, A. Radhakrishnan, and S. G. Kandlikar, “Evaluation of a tapered header configuration to reduce flow maldistribution in minichannels and microchannels,” in Proceedings of the ASME 7th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels (ICNMM '09), June 2009. View at Scopus
  17. J. C. K. Tong, E. M. Sparrow, and J. P. Abraham, “Attainment of flowrate uniformity in the channels that link a distribution manifold to a collection manifold,” Journal of Fluids Engineering, vol. 129, no. 9, pp. 1186–1192, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C. Huang and C. Wang, “The design of uniform tube flow rates for Z-type compact parallel flow heat exchangers,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 608–622, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. D. W. Marquardt, “An algorithm for least-squares estimation of nonlinear parameters,” Journal of Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, vol. 11, pp. 431–441, 1963. View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet
  20. C.-C. Wang, K.-S. Yang, J.-S. Tsai, and I. Y. Chen, “Characteristics of flow distribution in compact parallel flow heat exchangers, part I: typical inlet header,” Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 31, no. 16, pp. 3226–3234, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. C. C. Wang, K. S. Yang, J. S. Tsai, and I. Y. Chen, “Characteristics of flow distribution in compact parallel flow heat exchangers, part II: modified inlet header,” Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 31, no. 16, pp. 3235–3242, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. Zeng, M. Pan, and Y. Tang, “Qualitative investigation on effects of manifold shape on methanol steam reforming for hydrogen production,” Renewable Energy, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 313–322, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J.-Y. Jang, Y.-X. Huang, and C.-H. Cheng, “The effects of geometric and operating conditions on the hydrogen production performance of a micro-methanol steam reformer,” Chemical Engineering Science, vol. 65, no. 20, pp. 5495–5506, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. H. Tuo and P. Hrnjak, “Effect of the header pressure drop induced flow maldistribution on the microchannel evaporator performance,” International Journal of Refrigeration, vol. 36, pp. 2176–2186, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. N. Kim and H. Byun, “Effect of inlet configuration on upward branching of two-phase refrigerant in a parallel flow heat exchanger,” International Journal of Refrigeration, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 1062–1077, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus