Genetics Research International / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Daphnia as an Emerging Epigenetic Model Organism

Table 1

Epigenetic assay systems.

Assay systemSpeciesF0 treatmentF0 effectsF1F2Reference

HelmetsD. cucullataKairomonesn.d.IncreaseIncrease[16]
D. cucullataKairomonesIncreasen.d.n.d.[29]
D. lumholtziKairomonesIncreasen.d.n.d.[29]
D. ambiguaKairomonesIncreasen.d.n.d.[29]

NeckteethD. pulexKairomonesIncreasen.d.n.d.[29]

GrowthD. magna5-azacytidineDecrease (day 7 only)DecreaseDecrease (day 7 only)[34]
GenisteinDecreasen.s.n.s.[34]
VinclozolinDecreasen.s.n.s.[34]
ZincDecrease (day 6 only)Decrease (day 6 only)n.s.[35]

ReproductionD. magna5-azacytidineDecreaseDecreasen.s.[34]
GenisteinDecreasen.s.n.s.[34]
Vinclozolinn.s.n.s.n.s.[34]
ZincDecreasen.s.n.s.[36]

Global DNA methylationD. magnaZincn.s.DecreaseIncrease[37]
5-azacytidineDecreaseDecreaseDecrease[34]
Genisteinn.s.n.s.n.s.[34]
VinclozolinDecreasen.s.Decrease[34]

Data summarized here is for a treated F0 generation with subsequent generations untreated. n.s. denotes nonsignificant results. n.d. denotes that those trials were not done.