Table of Contents
Hepatitis Research and Treatment
Volume 2011, Article ID 157089, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/157089
Research Article

Knowledge of Hepatitis B Vaccine among Operating Room Personnel in Nigeria and Their Vaccination Status

1Department of Surgery, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, PMB 8, Irrua, Nigeria
2Department of Community Medicine, Imo State University Teaching Hospital, PMB 8, Orlu, Nigeria
3Department of Surgery, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, PMB 1414, Maiduguri, Nigeria
4Department of Surgery, University College Hospital, PMB 5017, Ibadan, Nigeria

Received 16 June 2011; Revised 12 August 2011; Accepted 18 August 2011

Academic Editor: Piero Luigi Almasio

Copyright © 2011 Emeka B. Kesieme et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a well recognised occupational health hazard preventable by vaccination. Objectives. To determine the knowledge of operating room personnel (ORP) in Nigeria about the Hepatitis B vaccine, their perception of Hepatitis B vaccination and vaccination status against HBV. Methods. Four university hospitals were selected by simple random sampling. A structured questionnaire was administered to 228 ORP after obtaining consent. Result. Only 26.8% of ORP were vaccinated against HBV. The primary reason for not being vaccinated or for defaulting from vaccination was lack of time. Differences in age, sex, duration of practice and respondent's institution between vaccinated and unvaccinated ORP were not significant ( ). The majority (86.8%) had the awareness of the existence of Hepatitis B vaccine. 83.8% of respondents believed that the vaccine should be given to the ORP as part of work place safety measures. The majority were aware of the modes of transmission of HBV infection. 78.9% of respondents believed that Hepatitis B vaccine is safe and 81.1% would recommend it to another staff. Conclusion. Despite a good knowledge about HBV infection and vaccine, most of ORP are still not vaccinated. Hepatitis B vaccination should be a prerequisite for working in the theatre, hence putting surgical patients at reduced risk.